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Appendix F

Physical-Security Plan

It is essential and in the best interest of security that each installation, unit, or activity maintains and uses a detailed physical-security plan. The plan should include at least special and general guard orders, access and material control, protective barriers/lighting systems, locks, and IDSs. All physical-security plans have the potential of being classified documents and must be treated accordingly. Figure F-1 depicts a sample physical-security plan.

    Figure F-1. Sample Physical-Security Plan

 

    Figure F-1. Sample Physical-Security Plan (continued)

 

    Figure F-1. Sample Physical-Security Plan (continued)

 

    Figure F-1. Sample Physical-Security Plan (continued)

 

    Figure F-1. Sample Physical-Security Plan (continued)

 

Annexes

F-1. Annexes to the plan should include, but are not limited to, the following. More information can be found in AR 190-13.

  • Annex A. The installation threat statement (intelligence). This annex should contain the Terrorism Counteraction Plan (refer to AR 190-13).
  • Annex B. A bomb-threat plan. As a minimum, the bomb-threat plan should provide guidance for—
    • Control of the operation.
    • Evacuation.
    • Search.
    • Finding the bomb or suspected bomb.
    • Disposal.
    • Detonation and damage control.
    • Control of publicity.
    • After-action report.
  • Annex C. An installation closure plan.
  • Annex D. A natural-disaster plan. This plan will be coordinated with natural-disaster plans of local jurisdictions. At a minimum, the natural-disaster plan should provide guidance for—
    • Control of the operation.
    • Evacuation.
    • Communication.
    • Control of publicity.
    • After-action report.
  • Annex E. A civil-disturbance plan. It is the commander's responsibility to formulate a civil-disturbance plan based on local threats. (For example, commanders of chemical facilities should anticipate the need to develop crowd-control procedures to handle antichemical demonstrations.)
  • Annex F. A resource plan to meet the minimum-essential physical-security needs for the installation or activity.
  • Annex G. A communication plan. This plan is required to establish communications with other federal agencies and local law-enforcement agencies to share information about possible threats. The communications plan should address all communication needs for annexes B through F above.
  • Annex H. A list of designated restricted areas.
  • Annex I. A list of installation MEVAs.
  • Annex J. A contingency plan. In most instances, it will be necessary to increase security for AA&E and other sensitive property, assets, and facilities during periods of natural disasters, natural emergencies, or increased threat from terrorists or criminal elements. Therefore, CONPLANs should include provisions for increasing the physical-security measures and procedures based on the local commander's assessment of the situation. Such contingencies may include hostage negotiations, protective services, and special-reaction teams. These provisions should be designed for early detection of an attempted intrusion, theft, or interruption of normal security conditions.
  • Annex K. Work-stoppage plan. This is a requirement for conducting a physical-security survey.

Tactical-Environment Considerations

F-2. In a tactical environment, the development of a physical-security plan is based on METT-TC (using the OPORD format and the higher headquarters' order). The order may be specific about the tasks the unit will perform. Time available may be limited and the scheme of maneuver may be dictated, but the leader must still evaluate the mission in terms of METT-TC to determine how MP elements can best carry out the commander's order.

F-3. Consider each of the following factors and compare courses of action to form a base for the physical-security plan. When the plan is firm, issue it as an order.

  • Concepts for reconnaissance, coordination with adjacent and/or supporting units, and troop movement.
  • Physical-security installation configurations and facilities. Areas to consider may include drop zones, landing zones, ranges, and training areas.

Mission

F-4. The mission is usually the emplacement of defensive security rings to protect the populace against insurgents. The number of defensive security rings depends on the particular site and situation. The following questions must be evaluated:

  • What is the mission?
  • What specific and implied tasks are there to accomplish the mission?
  • What is the commander's intent?

Enemy

F-5. The commander identifies insurgent units operating in the area and tries to determine the type and size of the unit; the enemy's tactics, weapons, equipment, and probable collaborators; and the inhabitants' attitudes toward the insurgents. The following questions must be evaluated:

  • What is known about the enemy?
  • Where is the enemy and how strong is he?
  • What weapons does the enemy have?
  • What is the enemy doing?
  • What can the enemy do in response to MP actions?
  • How can we exploit the enemy's weaknesses?

Terrain and weather

F-6. The commander can use observation and fields of fire, cover and concealment, obstacles, key terrain, and avenues of approach (OCOKA) to plan for the physical-security defensive sites. The following questions must be evaluated:

  • How will the terrain and weather affect the operation?
  • How fast can movement be accomplished, and how much space does the terrain and unit formations take up?
  • Will the weather affect the terrain or personnel?
  • Has the weather already affected the terrain?

Troops

F-7. The commander must consider available equipment, the reaction time, reaction forces, communication assets, organization of troops, and medical support (if available). The following questions must be evaluated:

  • What are the present conditions of vehicles and personnel?
  • What is the status of ammunition and supplies?
  • Who is best able to do a specific task?
  • How much sleep have the soldiers had in the past 24 hours?
  • What other assets are available to support the mission?
  • How many teams/squads are available?
  • What supplies and equipment are needed?
  • What fire support is available and how can it be obtained?

Time available

F-8. This factor is critical since the inhabitants must be ready to respond to an insurgent attack with little or no warning. The following questions must be evaluated:

  • How much time is available to conduct planning?
  • How long will it take to reach the objective?
  • How long will it take to prepare the position?
  • How much time do subordinates need?
  • How long will it take the enemy to reposition forces?

Civilian Considerations

F-9. The commander also must consider nonbelligerent third parties (such as dislocated civilians, personnel of international businesses and relief organizations, and the media). Every commander must prepare a site overlay that shows, as a minimum, the following:

  • The attitude of the HN toward US forces.
  • The population density near the objective.
  • The condition of the local civilians.
  • The possible effect of refugees and dislocated civilians on the mission.



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