Military

*FM 3-09.12 (FM 6-121)
MCRP 3-16.1A

Field Manual
No. FM 3-09.12 (6-121)
Headquarters
Department of the Army
Washington, DC

Fleet Marine Force Reference
Publication
MCRP 3-16.1A
Headquarters
United States Marine Corps
Washington, DC, 21 June 2002

 

FM 3-09.12

TACTICS, TECHNIQUES, AND PROCEDURES FOR FIELD ARTILLERY TARGET ACQUISITION

Table of Contents


  COVER
  PREFACE
Chapter 1

TARGETING, TARGET ACQUISITION, AND THE MILITARY DECISION MAKING PROCESS

 

Definition of Targeting
Targeting Methodology
Targeting Meetings
The Role of Field Artillery Target Acquisition
Relationship of Targeting to MDMP
Target Acquisition Integration into the MDMP
Rehearsals
Radar Considerations for AFATDS Guidances

Chapter 2

FIELD ARTILLERY TARGET ACQUISITION ORGANIZATIONS

 

Heavy Division Target Acquisition Battery
Divisional MLRS Battalion Target Acquisition Battery
Separate Brigade Target Acquisition Platoon
Corps Target Acquisition Detachment
Interim Brigade Combat Team Target Acquisition Platoon
Interim DIVARTY HIMARS Battalion Target Acquisition Platoon
STRIKER Platoon
AN/TPQ-37(V8) Radar Section
AN/TPQ-36(V)8 Radar Section
Duties of Radar Section Personnel
USMC Counterbattery Radar Platoon
Duties of USMC Counterbattery Radar Platoon Personnel

Chapter 3

DUTIES OF FIELD ARTILLERY TARGETING AND TARGET ACQUISITION PERSONNEL

  Target Acquisition Battery/Detachment Commander
Radar Platoon Leader
Radar Platoon Sergeant
Field Artillery Battalion Target Acquisition Platoon Sergeant
Battlefield Coordination Detachment Targeting Officer
Battlefield Coordination Detachment Targeting NCO
Corps and Division Field Artillery Intelligence Officer
Corps and Division Targeting Officer
Division Counterfire Officer
Division Assistant Counterfire Officer
Senior Field Artillery Targeting NCO
Targeting NCO
Brigade Targeting Officer
Field Artillery Brigade Targeting Officer
General Support Field Artillery Battalion Targeting Officer
Division MLRS Battalion Targeting Officer
IBCT Targeting Officer
IBCT Targeting NCO
IBCT Counterfire Officer
USMC Targeting Information Officer
Chapter 4

TECHNICAL ASPECTS OF TARGET ACQUISITION RADAR EMPLOYMENT

 

Section I - Detection, Verification, and Location Methodology
Hostile Mode
Detection, Verification and Location Process
Friendly Fire Mode
Section II - Radar System Characteristics
Missions
AN/TPQ-36(V)8
AN/TPQ-37
Section III - Technical Aspects of Site Selection, Positioning and Operations
Site Selection
Positioning
Reconnaissance
Survivability Considerations
Location Averaging
Automatic Height Correction
Auto Censoring
Firefinder Position Analysis System
Safety Considerations

Chapter 5

TACTICAL EMPLOYMENT OF FIELD ARTILLERY TARGET ACQUISITION SYSTEMS

 

Section I - Radar Employment
Command and Control
Command Relationships
Sectors of Search
Zones
Zone Management
Common Sensor Boundary
Cueing
Target Acquisition Radar Role During Offensive Operations
Target Acquisition Radar Role During Defensive Operations
Radar Tasking Procedures
Section II - Counterfire Operations
Corps
Division
IBCT Autonomous Operations
IBCT and Division Integrated Operations
Section III - Striker Employment
Mission
Operations

Chapter 6

STABILITY OPERATIONS AND SUPPORT OPERATIONS

 

Force Projection
Stability Operations
Support Operations
Employment Considerations for Stability Operations and Support Operations

Appendix A

AUTOMATED TARGET DATA PROCESSING

 

General
Target Indicator Processing
Suspect Target Processing
Target Damage Assessment
File Maintenance and Target Purging

Appendix B

CRATER ANALYSIS AND REPORTING

 

Gun and Howitzer Shell Crater Analysis
Survey or Crater Location
Determination of Direction
Crater Analysis
Low-angel Fuze Quick Craters (Artillery)
Low-angle Fuze Delay Craters (Artillery)
High-angle Shell Craters (Mortars)
Rocket Craters
Shell Fragment Analysis
Shelling Reports
Artillery Counterfire Information Form
Equipment

Appendix C

FIREFINDER FRIENDLY FIRE MODE

 

Firefinder Missions
Friendly Fire Mode
High-burst Registration
Impact-predict Registration (Mean Point of Impact)
Datum-plane Registration (Mean Point of Impact)
Friendly Fire Log

Appendix D

FIREFINDER FIELD EXERCISE MODE/EMBEDDED TRAINING

 

Uses
Section and/or Platoon Training
Gunnery Team Training
Scenario Development
Implementing the Scenario

Appendix E

THE AN/TPQ-47 RADAR

 

Section I - Technical Aspects
AN/TPQ-47 Equipped Target Acquisition Organizations
AN/TPQ-47 Radar Section
System Characteristics
System Components
System Capabilities
Site Selection
Positioning
Safety
Section II - Operational Aspects
Theater Missile Defense Operations
Corps Counterfire
Division Counterfire

Appendix F

FIREFINDER MASK CONSIDERATIONS

 

Definitions
Track Volume
Track Volume Calculations and Subsequent Actions

Appendix G

TARGET ACQUISITION TAB TO THE FIELD ARTILLERY SUPPORT PLAN

 

Section I - Target Acquisition TAB
Description
Preparation
Target Acquisition TAB Heading
Major Paragraphs
Enclosures
Sample Target Acquisition TAB
Section II. Radar Deployment Order
Description
Responsibilities
DA Form 5957-R
Automated Radar Deployment Order Procedure

Appendix H

FIELD ARTILLERY RADAR SUPPORT REQUIREMENTS

 

Survey
Communications
Administration
Mess
Maintenance
Security
Petroleum, Oils, and Lubricants
Meteorological Data

Appendix I

AIR MOVEMENT PROCEDURES FOR TARGET ACQUISITION RADARS

 

Section I - Helicopter Movement
Considerations for Helicopter Movement
Q-36 Sling Load Procedures
Q-37 Sling Load Procedures
Section II - Fixed Wing Aircraft Movement
Considerations for Fixed Wing Aircraft Movement
Q-36 Load Procedures for C-130 Aircraft
Q-37 Load Procedures for C-130 Aircraft

Appendix J

REHEARSALS

 

Rehearsal Types
Rehearsal Techniques
Scripting and Conducting the Rehearsal
Brigade Fire Support Rehearsal
Brigade Combined Arms Rehearsal

Appendix K

EXAMPLE TOOLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Firefinder Radar Section Troop Leading Procedures
Radar Section Warning Order
Radar Deployment Order
Radar Execution Matrix
Quick Reference Position Selection Worksheet
Radar Positioning and Movement Synchronization Checklist
Voice Radar Registration Procedure
Voice Radar Adjust Fire Mission
Joint Airlift Inspection Checklist
Risk Management Worksheet

Appendix L

RISK MANAGEMENT

 

Section I - Risk Management Procedures
Identify Hazards
Assess Hazards to Determine Risks
Develop Controls and Make Risk Decisions
Implement Controls
Supervise and Evaluate
Section II - Implementation Responsibilities
Breakdown of Risk Management Process
Risk Management Command Climate

  GLOSSARY
  BIBLIOGRAPHY
  AUTHENTICATION

DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.


* This publication supersedes FM 6-121, 25 September 1990.

 



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