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*FM 23-34

Field Manual
No. 23-34

HEADQUARTERS
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
Washington, DC, 17 August 1994

 

FM 23-34

TOW WEAPON SYSTEMS

Table of Contents


Preface

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION

1-1. Characteristics

1-2. System Configurations

1-3. Missile Configurations and Types

1-4. TOW Missile Indentification

1-5. Internal Components and Sequence of Operations

1-6. TOW Training Strategy

CHAPTER 2 - TRIPOD-MOUNTED TOW/TOW 2

Section I - Operation Procedures

2-1. System Checkout

2-2. Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services

2-3. Selection of Firing Positions

2-4. Preparation of Missiles

Section II - Performance and Destruction Procedures

2-5. Malfunctions

2-6. Firing Limitations

2-7. Destruction of TOW Weapon Systems

CHAPTER 3 - M966-MOUNTED TWO/TOW 2

Section I - Individual Duties and Responsibilities

3-1. Squad Leader

3-2. Gunner

3-3. Driver-Loader

Section II - Operation Procedures

3-4. Equipment Storage

3-5. HMMWV Interchangeable Mount System

3-6. Preparation of an M966 for TOW Firing

3-7. Loading, Arming, and Unloading

3-8. Target Engagement

3-9. Immediate Action

3-10. M220A1 Dismount

3-11. M220A1 Remount

3-12. M220A2 Dismount (Ready to Fire Configuration)

3-13. M220A2 Remount (Ready to Fire Configuration)

3-14. Firing Limitations

CHAPTER 4 - M901-SERIES IMPROVED TOW VEHICLE

Section I - Individual Duties and Responsibilities

4-1. Squad Leader

4-2. Gunner

4-3. Loader

4-4. Driver

Section II - Operation Procedures

4-5. Characteristics

4-6. Installation of an M220-Series TOW Launcher and Encased Missiles

4-7. Preparation of an M901-Series ITV for TOW Firing

4-8. Target Engagement

4-9. Immediate Action

4-10. Reloading

4-11. Emergency Action

4-12. Dismount and Remount

4-13. Evacuation

4-14. M60 Machine Gun Operation

4-15. Squad Leader's Periscope Operation

4-16. M243 Smoke Grenade Launcher Operation

4-17. Firing Limitations

4-18. Opertional Checklist and Troubleshooting for M901-Series

CHAPTER 5 - TOW TRAINING PROGRAM

Section I - Training Assessment and Planning

5-1. Commander's Responsibility

5-2. Sustainment Training and Evaluation

5-3. TOW Training Guidelines

5-4. TOW Gunnery Tables

5-5. Conduct of Unit TOW Training

5-6. Collective Training

Section II - TOW Training Phases

5-7. Phase I: Individual Training

5-8. Phase II: Squad Training

5-9. Phase III: Section Training

5-10. Phase IV: Platoon Training

5-11. Field Tracking

CHAPTER 6 - COMBAT TECHNIQUES OF FIRE

Section I - Fire Control Measures

6-1. Target Engagement Determination

6-2. Fire Commands

6-3. Target Tracking

6-4. Target Engagement with the M220A1 (Basic TOW)

6-5. Target Engagement with the M220A2 (TOW 2)

Section II - Helicopter Engagement

6-6. Operational Concept

6-7. Gunnery Training

Section III - NBC and Limited Visibility Conditions

6-8. Decontamination

6-9. Thermal Target Recognition, Identification, and Engagement

6-10. Effects of Weather and Obscurants

6-11. Compensation for Target Appearance Variables

6-12. Battlefield Identification

6-13. Primary Recognition Cues

Section IV - Electro-optical Countermeasures

6-14. TOW Launcher

6-15. TOW 2 Launcher

APPENDIX A - SAFETY

APPENDIX B - TOW TRAINING DEVICES

APPENDIX C - MULTIPURPOSE RANGE COMPLEXES

APPENDIX D - FIGHTING POSITIONS

APPENDIX E - STANDARD RANGE CARD

APPENDIX F - THREAT COUNTERPART SYSTEMS

APPENDIX G - TOW TRAINING TIPS

APPENDIX H - TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM

APPENDIX I - IDENTIFY COMBAT VEHICLES

APPENDIX J - DISMOUNTING AND REMOUNTING A TOW LAUNCHER SYSTEM ON AN M2/M3 BTV

GLOSSARY

REFERENCES

BLANK FORMS

AUTHENTICATION


DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

*This publication supersedes FM 23-34, 30 September 1987.



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