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Appendix B

Guidelines for Tactical Standing Operating Procedures

TACSOPs are critical to battlefield success. All commanders should establish camouflage guidelines in their TACSOPs and ensure that their soldiers are familiar with them. TACSOPs provide guidelines that help reduce the time required to perform routine tasks. Commanders can achieve these ends by defining the responsibilities, identifying the expected tasks, and providing supervisors with a memory aid when planning or inspecting. TACSOPs, coupled with battle drills (Appendix C), provide units with guidance on how to execute anticipated battlefield tasks. CCD employment is a task that should be routine for all units.

CONTENT

B-1. The following CCD considerations may be included in a unit TACSOP:

  • A review of CCD fundamentals.
  • Rules of unit CCD discipline.
  • Memory aids for supervisors, which should include an inspection checklist (Figure B-1) and a chart of an enemy's sensor systems with possible countermeasures.
  • Guidelines on CCD discipline to provide uniformity among all subunits.
  • The different CCD postures.
  • Procedures for blackout, the quartering party, unit movement, and the deployment area.
  • Appropriate CCD postures in OPORDs for different missions.

CCD Inspection Checklist

1.   Command Emphasis.

a.   The commander—

(1)   Establishes CCD goals.

(2)   Executes CCD plans.

(3)   Inspects frequently doe CCD deficiencies.

(4)   Conducts follow-up inspection of CCD deficiencies.

(5)   Integrates CCD into training exercises.

b.   The unit—

(1)   Intregrates CCD into its TACSOP.

(2)   Follows the TACSOP.

2.   Discipline.

a.   The unit—

(1)   Observes noise disciplene.

(2)   Observes light discipline with respect to smoking, fires, and lights.

(3)   Conceals highly visible equipment.

(4)   Covers shiny surfaces.

(5)   Keeps exposed activity to a minimum.

(6)   Uses cut vegetation properly.

(7)   Uses and conceals dismount points properly.

b.   Soldiers—

(1)   Wear the correct uniform.

(2)   Control litter and spoil.

3.   Techniques. The unit—

a.   Places and disperses vehicles and equipment.

b.   Disperses the CP.

c.   Employs camoulfage nets (LCSS)

d.   Uses (or minimizes) shadows.

e.   Minimizes movement.

f.   Hides operations and equipment.

g.   Blends operations and equipment with backgrounds.

h.   Employs pattern-painting techniques.

i.   Employs decoys.

j.   Integrates smoke operations with unit movement.

k.   Practices individual CCD on—

(1)   Helmet.

(2)   Face.

(3)   Weapon.

(4)   Other Equipment.

l.   Employs CCD on fighting positions by—

(1)   Eliminating or minimizing target silhouettes.

(2)   Practicing spoil control.

(3)   Eliminating or minimizing regular or geometric shapes and layouts.

(4)   Maintaining overhead concealment.

(5)   Practicing dust control.

m.   Employs CCD on tactical vehicles by—

(1)   Minimizing and concealing track marks.

(2)   Minimizing or eliminating the shine on vehicles and equipment.

(3)   Reducing or using shadows to the unit's advantage.

(4)   Enploying camouflage nets (LCSS).

(5)   Painting vehicles to match their surroundings.

(6)   Dispersing vehicles and equipment.

(7)   Concealing vehicles and supply routes.

(8)   Controlling litter and spoil.

(9)   Storing and concealing ammunition.

n.   Employs CCD on AAs by—

(1)   Facilitating mission planning for access and egress concealment.

(2)   Marking guideposts for route junctions.

(3)   Ensuring that turn-ins are not widened by improper use.

(4)   Dispersing dismount, mess, and maintenance areas.

(5)   Dispersing the CP.

(6)   Maintaining CCD by—

(a)   Inspecting CCD frequently.

(b)   Controlling litter and garbage.

(c)   Observing blackout procedures.

(7)   Observing evaluation procedures by—

(a)   Policing the area

(b)   Covering or eliminating tracks.

(c)   Preventing traffic congestion.

(d)   Concealing spoil.

o.   Employs CCD on the CP by—

(1)   Ensuring that LOC are not converged.

(2)   Dispersing vehicles.

(3)   Ensuring that turn-ins are not widened through improper use.

(4)   Ensuring that protective barriers follow terrain features.

(5)   Concealing defensive weapons.

(6)   Ensuring that existing poles are used for LOC.

(7)   Digging in the CP (when in open areas).

(8)   Maintaining camouflage nets (LCSS).

(9)   Using civilian buildings properly by—

(a)   Controlling access and egress.

(b)   Observing blackout procedures.

(c)   Avoiding obvious locations.

p.   Employs CCD on supply points by—

(1)   Dispersing operations.

(2)   Concealing access and egress routes.

(3)   Using the track plan.

(4)   Providing concealed loading areas.

(5)   Developing and implementing a schedule for the units being serviced.

q.   Enploys CCD on water points by—

(1)   Concealing access and egress routes.

(2)   Ensuring that the track plan is used.

(3)   Controlling spillage.

(4)   Controlling shine and reflections.

(5)   Developing and implementing a schedule for the units being serviced.

Figure B-1. Sample CCD checklist

COMMANDERS' RESPONSIBILITIES

B-2. Commanders must ensure that each soldier has the required quantities of serviceable BDUs and that these uniforms are properly maintained to protect their IR screening properties. Based on unit requirements, supply personnel forecast, request, and store adequate quantities of expendable CCD supplies (paint, makeup, repair kits). Commanders ensure that authorized quantities of CCD screens (LCSS) and support systems (to include repair kits and spare parts) are on hand and continually maintained in a clean, serviceable condition.

FRATRICIDE

B-3. Since warfare often results in the loss of life from fratricide, the unit TACSOP should include a way to reduce fratricide. Commanders should consider ways for friendly and allied units to identify each other on the battlefield. Fratricide compels commanders to consider the effect CCD and deception operations have on the necessity of being recognized by friendly troops.



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