Reconstitution decisions belong to the commander. The commander controlling assets to conduct a regeneration decides whether to use scarce resources to regenerate a unit or not. The commander of the attrited unit decides to reorganize when required. The unit commander begins the reconstitution process. He alone is in the best position, with staff support, to assess unit effectiveness. His unique perspective validates an assessment; he does not base his conclusions solely on facts, figures, and status reports from subordinate units and staff. His assessment relies also--and probably more importantly--on other factors. These include--
- Knowledge of his soldiers.
- Condition and effectiveness of subordinate commanders and leaders.
- Previous, current, and anticipated situations and missions.
He considers all these factors in his continuing assessment. They form the basis of his reconstitution decisions and recommendations. Chapter 4 discusses assessment factors in more detail.
Regeneration is the most complex element of the reconstitution process. It requires extensive coordination among organizations. Therefore, the rest of this chapter focuses on regeneration responsibilities of three units. These are the unit directing the regeneration, the unit being regenerated, and the RTF. In the case of a corps regenerating a battalion, the corps is the unit directing the regeneration and the battalion is the unit being regenerated. The RTF is the unit the corps task-organizes to execute regeneration activities.
This chapter presents responsibilities in generic terms. Execution details are in Chapter 4. This chapter lists responsibilities separately. However, all elements involved should be aware of the roles of the others since regeneration relies on extensive coordination.
This section lists the responsibilities of units that have the resources to conduct regenerations. Details on how to fulfill these duties appear throughout this manual.
- Includes reconstitution considerations in all operational planning.
- Ensures regeneration SOPs and plans exist.
- Ensures the unit's training program includes training for regeneration. Chapter 3 discusses training considerations.
- Sets regeneration priorities that align with operational and/or tactical objectives when more than one unit requires regeneration.
- Activates RTF assessment teams to evaluate attrited units as required.
- Determines the follow-on mission.
- Decides whether or not to regenerate an attrited unit. If he decides to regenerate, he sets the unit effectiveness goals while keeping in mind the time available.
- Adjusts the makeup of the predesignated RTF on the basis of the assessment and the current situation.
- Selects the regeneration site on the basis of the recommendation of the operations staff.
- Determines the specific actions required for the regeneration.
- Activates the rest of the RTF.
Personnel staff officers:
- Determine expected unit losses for specific missions.
- Manage strength accountability. They determine availability of replacements for current and upcoming operations. They identify soldiers with required qualifications. They also develop personnel replacement plans in the OPLAN process.
- Coordinate casualty reporting with the medical system.
- Anticipate increase in battlefield stress.
- Anticipate increased needs for battlefield promotions and impact awards.
- Coordinate the return to duty program with supporting medical elements.
- Coordinate personnel actions for contingency manning standards.
- Advise the commander and operations staff on the PSS elements for the RTF. They ensure plans cover all required PSS functions. Besides personnel actions, PSS functions at the regeneration site may include finance support, legal support, mail, MWR, public affairs, and chaplain support. The personnel staff coordinates with commanders and staffs responsible for each function to identify RTF elements and coordinate their efforts. They also consider use of local civilian labor.
Intelligence staff officers:
- Advise commanders on the threat situation facing candidates for regeneration.
- Assess the threat for prospective regeneration sites.
- Obtain medical intelligence on the site for the command surgeon to evaluate.
- Advise the commander and operations staff on the intelligence elements for the RTF. They coordinate intelligence with these elements during the process as required.
Operations staff officers:
- Include regeneration in OPLANs on the basis of expected losses and future missions.
- Recommend to the commander the assessment of an attrited unit.
- Recommend, on the basis of the formal assessment, whether to regenerate a unit and, if so, the extent of regeneration. They recommend unit regeneration priorities to the commander. They advise him on availability of personnel and equipment. They identify critical shortfalls. They also plan for employment options to meet contingency needs.
- Serve as the focal point for control and coordination of regeneration efforts as directed by the commander.
- Align regeneration efforts with command priorities and the situation.
- Advise the commander on the need for, composition of, and functions of the RTF. They coordinate these with all other staff sections.
- Recommend regeneration sites after coordinating with the logistics staff, CSS commanders, and others with relevant information. They use the considerations in Chapter 3.
- Advise commander on security measures for the site. These include the recommended role of the attrited unit.
- Coordinate with the rear operations commander to integrate a unit undergoing regeneration into the rear operations security plan.
- Advise commander on training needs in units undergoing regeneration. They identify required resources. They also help execute the training. Chapter 4 gives training considerations.
Logistics staff officers:
- Provide logistics input for the regeneration part of the OPLAN.
- Identify logistics resources needed to carry out regeneration on the basis of operations staff guidance.
- Recommend, on the basis of command priorities, allocation of critical items of supply. (This excludes medical and cryptographic items. They are handled by the medical and signal officers respectively.)
- Coordinate transportation plans and policies. They identify movement control needs and the element to provide support.
- Determine, as appropriate, HNS requirements for the regeneration process. They also give information and help to secure available HNS.
- Recommend to the operations staff, in coordination with CSS commanders, the general location of the regeneration site.
- Plan for prestocking of supplies and equipment to support regeneration.
- Plan for services essential to the regeneration process. They ensure expeditious handling of remains and personal effects. They also plan for CEB and laundry operations.
- Recommend, in coordination with CSS commanders, logistics elements for the RTF. They also recommend any other allocations of logistics personnel and units during regeneration.
- Recommend the extent the attrited unit's CSS activities play in regeneration.
Civil-military operations staff officers:
- Coordinate host-nation facility and resource requirements for logistics, engineer, and other staff officers. They must identify needs early. HNS may include Class I and III supplies and field services. CMO officers also advise the commander and the operations staff on any host-nation considerations which may affect the location of a regeneration site.
- Coordinate HNS for the regeneration process. They advise the commander and staff and the RTF on HNS availability. (Civil affairs elements help conduct area surveys.) They help contracting personnel plan for and obtain support from local sources.
- Coordinate the temporary augmentation of language qualified personnel to help obtain HNS at all levels.
- Plan and coordinate dislocated civilian operations. Provost marshal and others assist.
Engineer staff officers:
- Recommend to the commander and operations staff the allocation and redistribution of engineer units, personnel, and equipment during regeneration.
- Participate in site and terrain reconnaissance. They help in site selection. They also determine needs to prepare the site.
- Recommend engineering elements for the RTF.
- Coordinate engineer efforts at the regeneration site. Engineers may support area damage control and mobility/countermobility/ survivability and sustainment actions.
Signal staff officers:
- Recommend employment of signal units and resources to support regeneration. This includes all assets involved in the five disciplines of the information mission area as defined in AR 25-1.
- Recommend allocation of critical communications and cryptographic equipment.
- Coordinate communications needs for liaison elements, the RTF, and units being regenerated.
- Advise the operations staff on any signal considerations for site selection.
Medical staff officer/surgeon:
- Recommend, in coordination with the medical command, allocation and distribution of medical personnel, materiel, and units during regeneration. This includes the composition of the medical element of the RTF. The element includes treatment and evacuation assets. It also includes preventive medicine personnel to inspect water sources and dining facilities and veterinary personnel to inspect Class I. They also ensure the RTF has enough Class VIII and medical equipment.
- Advise commanders on preventive medicine aspects of regeneration.
This includes the availability and use of combat stress/mental
- Advise commanders on the effects of accumulated radiation exposure and possible delayed effects from exposure to chemical or biological agents. They identify resources required for patient decontamination.
- Advise commanders on disposition of personnel exposed to lethal but not immediately life-threatening doses of radiation or chemical and biological agents.
- Coordinate with the personnel staff on evacuation policy and returns to duty.
- Advise the operations staff on any HSS considerations for site selection. These may include proximity to medical facilities.
- Coordinate MP area security needs, reconnaissance, BCC, and MP assets required at regeneration sites. They do this in conjunction with the rear CP/RAOC. They coordinate host-nation military and civil security implications with the CMO as required.
- Coordinate to adjust existing BCC or establish BCC. They concentrate on route reconnaissance and traffic control points. They also coordinate straggler and dislocated civilian control, as planned by the G5/CMO.
- Advise commanders and movement managers on route and area security considerations for selecting and moving to regeneration sites.
- Advise commanders on EPW considerations unique to the regeneration site. They also ensure units selected for regeneration are relieved of any EPW responsibility as soon as possible .
Public affairs officers:
- Recommend the public affairs policy to the commander.
- Provide a public affairs team to advise and assist in dealing with public information and press requirements.
- Ensure information flows to the team at the regeneration site.
- Monitor the flow of information out of the regeneration site through media operations to include press pools if used.
- Coordinate decontamination needs and use of chemical support elements.
- Plan for and coordinate the establishment of a link-up point and decontamination site on the route to the regeneration site if required.
- Coordinate nuclear/chemical route and regeneration site reconnaissance.
- Coordinate use of battlefield obscurants to assist regeneration effort.
- Coordinate with the logistics staff for resupply of chemical defense equipment.
- Maintain radiation exposure data and status.
- Provide unit ministry support, particularly for cases of battle fatigue.
- Coordinate needs for worship and memorial services, sacramental acts, and pastoral counseling.
- Integrates unit being regenerated, any replacement units, and RTF into the rear operations plan. It also provides appropriate support.
- Considers low-risk rear operations missions for units undergoing regeneration. These can enhance unit training and restore the unit's confidence. The rear CP/RAOC coordinates these missions with the operations staff. They ensure plans are consistent with the commander's overall projected use of the regenerated unit.
- Coordinate with the logistics staff of the directing headquarters on the availability and applicability of logistics elements for the RTF. They also provide the supply and equipment status of these units.
- Coordinate the integration of higher level logistics elements into the RTF.
- Recommend, with the logistics staff of the directing headquarters, regeneration sites. They advise on the availability and mobility of support facilities.
- Coordinate the move to the site for subordinate in the RTF. They
support their operations at the site as required.
- Provide a materiel management capability for the RTF. They also provide a means for it to link up with the supporting MMC. The MMC ensures materiel is distributed according to the priorities set by the commander directing the regeneration. The support command also provides a movement control capability.
- Advise commanders and staffs on the availability of replacement personnel. They identify personnel with critical MOSs.
- Direct and monitor the replacement flow per the fill plan and command priorities.
- Coordinate with replacement and transportation agencies to move replacements to the site.
- Provide PSS elements for the RTF.
- Coordinate with the medical staff to ensure that HSS assets are properly allocated and positioned.
- Coordinate needs for medical materiel and supplies for on-site support through the medical materiel activity.
Signal command: Provide communications for regeneration efforts as required.
Staff elements of the attrited unit link up and work side by side with their functional counterparts in the RTF. Organic support elements also work with the RTF; they assist in the CSS effort as much as they are able. In addition, staff officers advise and assist the commander within their functional areas. The following discussion summarizes the unit's duties. Chapter 4 gives details on required unit activities.
The commander assesses and moves the unit. This involves the following:
- Makes initial assessment of the unit.
- Moves to initial assembly area.
- Prepares for movement to regeneration site. The unit links up with elements providing support required to move to the site. It also links up with elements required to assist in assessment and to provide liaison with the RTF.
- Moves to proposed regeneration site.
The unit also has functions to help in the regeneration execution. The unit does the following:
- Assumes rear operations role assigned by the rear CP/RAOC.
- Coordinates with RTF for replenishments.
- Prepares training needs and plans in coordination with RTF.
- Schedules unit rest periods.
Finally, with the RTF operations element, the unit prepares for its follow-on mission. To do so, it--
- Integrates new soldiers and equipment into the unit.
- Trains individual skills.
- Conducts collective training.
- Assesses effectiveness.
- Plans for follow-on mission.
The RTF executes regeneration. It ensures that regeneration actions comply with the plans and priorities of the commander directing the regeneration. The RTF has two interrelated roles. It performs the formal assessment of the attrited unit and assesses effectiveness at the end of the regeneration process. It also conducts the activities required to regenerate the unit. Some elements of the RTF are involved in both functions.
To execute regeneration, the RTF must include both an operations element and a CSS element. The operations element helps reestablish or reinforce the chain of command of the attrited unit and assess unit effectiveness. It also helps plan and execute the unit's training. This element should include soldiers from the same branch as the type of unit being regenerated. A logistician cannot plan a tank battalion's training nor assess its effectiveness. The CSS element provides the extensive personnel, supplies, services, and equipment required to regenerate the unit. Chapter 3 gives specifics on the composition of the RTF. Chapter 4 details its activities.
Generally, the RTF commander has responsibilities in three areas. First, he deploys the RTF when directed by the commander controlling the regeneration. He--
- Coordinates the move of RTF elements to the regeneration site.
- Arranges to move supplies, personnel replacements, and evacuation assets to the site based on the initial assessment.
Once the attrited unit arrives at the site, the RTF--
- Verifies and adjusts regeneration needs.
- Sets up RTF CP and control of the regeneration site. This process includes fulfilling the rear operations role coordinated with the rear CP/RAOC.
- Reestablishes or reinforces the chain of command of the attrited unit.
- Conducts the CSS operations of the regeneration.
The RTF also provides support for training and preparing the unit for its follow-on mission. It--
- Coordinates training needs and facilities.
- Provides CSS for training.
- Plans for distribution or return of supplies and deadlined equipment.
- Evaluates the unit at the end of the regeneration.
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