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Military

*FM 100-15

Field Manual
No 100-15

Headquarters
Department of the Army
Washington, DC, 29 October 1996

FM 100-15

CORPS OPERATIONS

Table of Contents


PREFACE

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 1 - THE CORPS

THE CORPS' ROLE IN OPERATIONS

The Corps as Part of a Larger Ground Force

The Corps as a JTF Headquarters

The Corps as the ARFOR of JFLCC Headquarters

ORGANIZATION OF THE CORPS

Corps Headquarters

Corps Units

Divisions

Light Infantry Divisions

Armored and Mechanized Infantry Division

Airborne Division

Air Assault Division

Separate Maneuver Brigades

Armored Cavalry Regiment (ACR)

Aviation Brigade

Corps Artillery

Military Intelligence (MI) Brigade

Engineer Brigade

Air Defense Artillery (ADA) Brigade

Signal Brigade

Chemical Brigade

Military Police (MP) Brigade

Civil Affairs (CA) Brigade

Psychological Operations (PSYOP) Tactical Support Battalion

Corps Support Command (COSCOM)

Finance Group

Personnel Group (PG)

JOINT FORCE CAPABILITIES

US Air Force

US Navy

US Marine Corps

Special Operations (SO)

CHAPTER 2 - FUNDAMENTALS OF CORPS OPERATIONS

FORCE PROJECTION

BATTLEFIELD VISUALIZATION

BATTLEFIELD FRAMEWORK

Area of Operations (AO)

Area of Interest (AI)

Battle Space

Organizing the Battlefield

Deep Operations

Close Operations

Rear Operations

BATTLEFIELD OPERATING SYSTEMS (BOS)

Intelligence

Maneuver

Armored and Mechanized Infantry

Light Forces

Reconnaissance and Security

Aviation

Fire Support

Field Artillery (FA)

Electronic Attack (EA)

Air Support

Weapons of Mass Destruction

Nuclear Weapons

Nuclear Mitigation Techniques

Biological Weapons

Chemical

Joint Suppression of Enemy Air Defense (J-SEAD)

Air Defense (AD)

Mobility and Survivability

Combat Service Support (CSS)

Command and Control (C2)

SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES (SOF)

Special Reconnaissance

Direct Action

Unconventional Warfare (UW)

Foreign Internal Defense (FID)

Psychological Operations (PSYOP)

Civil Affairs Operations

PUBLIC AFFAIRS (PA)

CHAPTER 3 - THE CORPS IN FORCE-PROJECTION OPERATIONS

MOBILIZATION

PREDPLOYMENT ACTIVITY

DEPLOYMENT

Unit Preparation

Movement to Ports of Embarkation

Strategic Lift

Reception at Ports of Debarkation

Onward Movement

ENTRY OPERATIONS

Examples of Forcible Entry Operations

Types of Forcible Entry Operations

Phases of Forcible Entry Operations

Planning, Preparation, and Deployment

Assault

Force Buildup

Stabilization of the Lodgement

Follow-On Forces

Transition

OPERATIONS

WAR TERMINATION AND POSTCONFLICT OPERATIONS

War Termination

Postconflict Operations

REDEPLOYMENT AND RECONSTITUTION

Redeployment

Reconstitution

DEMOBILIZATION

CHAPTER 4 - BATTLE COMMAND

THE COMMANDER'S ROLE

Tenets of Army Operations

Initiative

Agility

Versatility

Tempo

Split-Based Operations

ORGANIZATION

Command Group (CG)

Tactical Command Post

Main Command Post

Command Post Headquarters Cell

Current Operations Cell

Plans Cell

Intelligence Cell

Fire Support Cell

Corps Deep Operations Coordination Cell

Combat Service Support Cell

Command and Control Warfare (C2W) Cell

Rear Command Post

Rear CP Headquarters Cell

Rear CP Operations Cell

Rear CP CSS Cell

Assault Command Post

Future Battle Command Support Centers

BATTLE COMMAND EXECUTION

Communications and Automation Systems

Planning, Executing, and Coordinating Operations

Planning

Executing

Coordinating

JOINT BATTLE SYNCHRONIZATION

The Battlefield Coordination Element (BCE)

Corps Staff and Joint Service Interface

Joint Task Force Operations

Joint Staff Directorates

J1, Manpower and Personnel Directorate

J2, Intelligence Directorate

J3, Operations Directorate

J4, Logistics Directorate

J5, Plans Directorate

J6, Command, Control, Communications, and Computer Systems Directorate

Joint Special Operations

Command and Control

Joint Fires

CORPS MULTINATIONAL OPERATIONS

INTERAGENCY OPERATIONS

ARMY AIRSPACE COMMAND AND CONTROL (A2C2)

COMMAND AND CONTROL WARFARE (C2W)

Counter C2

C2 Protection

CHAPTER 5 - OFFENSIVE OPERATIONS

FUNDAMENTALS OF CORPS OFFENSIVE OPERATIONS

Characteristics of the Offense

Surprise

Concentration

Tempo

Audacity

Forms of Tactical Offense

Movement to Contact

Attack

Hasty Attack

Deliberate Attack

Exploitation

Pursuit

Forms of Maneuver

Frontal Attack

Envelopment

Penetration

Turning Movement

Infiltration

Special Purpose Operations

PLANNING CORPS OFFENSIVE OPERATIONS

Operations in Depth

Organization of the Offense

Deep Operations

Reconnaissance and Security Operations

Main and Supporting Attacks

Reserve Operations

Rear Operations

PREPARING FOR CORPS OFFENSIVE OPERATIONS

Intelligence

Maneuver

Fire Support

Air Defense

Mobility and Survivability

Combat Service Support

Command and Control

EXECUTING CORPS OFFENSIVE OPERATIONS

The VII Corps' Plan for Operation Desert Storm

VII Corps' Execution

TRANSITIONING TO THE DEFENSE

CHAPTER 6 - DEFENSIVE OPERATIONS

FUNDAMENTALS OF CORPS DEFENSIVE OPERATIONS

Characteristics of the Defense

Preparation

Security

Disruption

Mass and Concentration

Flexibility

Forms of Defense

Mobile Defense

Area Defense

PLANNING CORPS DEFENSIVE OPERATIONS

Organization of the Defense

Security Force Operations

Screen Mission

Guard Mission

Cover Mission

Deep Operations

Close Operations

Mobile Defense

Area Defense

Reserve Operations

Rear Operations

PREPARING FOR CORPS DEFENSIVE OPERATIONS

Intelligence

Maneuver

Fire Support

Air Defense

Mobility and Survivability

Combat Service Support

Command and Control

EXECUTING CORPS DEFENSIVE OPERATIONS

TRANSITIONING TO THE OFFENSE

CHAPTER 7 - RETROGRADE OPERATIONS

DELAY

WITHDRAWAL

RETIREMENT

CHAPTER 8 - OTHER OPERATIONS

RIVER CROSSING

Offensive Crossing

Retrograde Crossing

ENCIRCLEMENT OF A FRIENDLY FORCE

Breakout Operation

Defend Encircled

Exfiltrate

ENCIRCLEMENT OF AN ENEMY FORCE

LARGE-UNIT MOVEMENT

RECONSTITUTION

PASSAGE OF LINES AND RELIEF IN PLACE

Passage of Lines

Forward Passage of Lines

Rearward Passage of Lines

Relief in Place

LINKUP OPERATIONS

CHAPTER 9 - OPERATIONS OTHER THAN WAR (OOTW)

THE CORPS' SUITABILITY FOR OOTW

OPERATIONS OTHER THAT WAR PRINCIPLES

The Objective

Unity of Effort

Legitimacy

Perseverance

Restraint

Security

CORPS MISSIONS IN OOTW

Arms Control

Attacks and Raids

Combatting Terrorism

Disaster Relief

Humanitarian Assistance

Nation Assistance and Support to Counterinsurgency

Security Assistance

Foreign Internal Defense (FID)

Noncombatant Evacuation Operations (NEO)

Peace Operations

Peacekeeping Operations (PKO)

Peace Enforcement Operations (PEO)

Recovery Operations

Shows of Force

Support to Civil Authorities

Support to Counterdrug Operations

OOTW CONSIDERATIONS

Special Operations

Information Operations

Intelligence

Sharing Intelligence

Human Intelligence (HUMINT)

Maneuver

Fire Support

Air Defense

Mobility and Survivability

Combat Service Support

Funding

Transportation Services

Combat Health Support

Personnel Services

Resources Control

Legal Services

Battle Command

Command Considerations

Planning Considerations

CHAPTER 10 - INFORMATION AGE TECHNOLOGIES AND CORPS OPERATIONS

A FUTURE BATTLE

FUTURE IMPROVEMENTS

BOS IMPLICATIONS

FUTURE APPLICATIONS

APPENDIX A - CORPS TASK ORGANIZATION AND PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS

CORPS TASK ORGANIZATION CONSIDERATIONS

CORPS PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS

US Air Force

Theater Air Control

Counter Air

SEAD, J-SEAD, and Air Interdiction

Close Air Support, Reconnaissance and Surveillance, and Airlift

Airspace Command and Control

US Navy and US Marine Corps

Naval Surface Fire Support Considerations

Supporting Naval Air Missions and Tasks

Fleet Marine Forces (FMF)

US Army

Corps ADA Brigade

Corps Aviation Brigade

Corps Chemical Brigade and Battalion

Corps Combat Service Support

Corps Engineer

Corps Field Artillery

Corps Military Intelligence

Corps Military Police

Corps Signal Brigade (Mobile Subscriber Equipment)

Special Forces (SF)

Rangers

Civil Affairs (CA)

Psychological Operations (PSYOP)

APPENDIX B - COMMAND POST/CELL FUNCTIONS

TACTICAL, MAIN, AND REAR COMMAND POSTS

Tactical Command Post

Main Command Post

Headquarters Cell

Current Operations Cell

Plans Cell

Command and Control Warfare Cell

Intelligence Cell

Fire Support Cell

Deep Operations Coordination Cell

Combat Service Support Cell

Rear Command Post

Headquarters Cell

Combat Service Support Cell

Operations Cell

ASSAULT COMMAND POST

FORWARD AND REARWARD COMMAND POSTS

Forward Command Post

Rearward Command Post

APPENDIX C - REAR OPERATIONS

REAR COMMAND

TERRAIN MANAGEMENT

SECURITY

Intelligence

Base and Base Cluster Self-Defense

Response Force Operations

Tactical Combat Force Operations

Fire Support

Air Base Defense

SUSTAINMENT

MOVEMENTS

Tactical Movements

Administrative Movements

GLOSSARY ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

REFERENCES

AUTHORIZATION LETTER


DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited

*This publication supersedes FM 100-15, 13 September 1989.



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