DISSEMINATION OF ORDER OF BATTLE INFORMATION AND INTELLIGENCE
CRITICAL TASKS: 301-336-1106
In this lesson, you will learn to identify reports used to disseminate information and intelligence.
TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE:
TASKS: Identify reports used to disseminate information and intelligence.
CONDITIONS: You will be given narrative information from FM 34-3.
STANDARDS: You will identify reports used to disseminate information and intelligence IAW FM 34-3.
REFERENCE: The material contained in this lesson is derived from the following publications: FM 34-3.
Intelligence dissemination is the final critical phase of the intelligence processing. Emphasis must be placed on disseminating needed intelligence at the right time. Although dissemination of information and intelligence is not normally a phase of the OB analyst, he should ensure the prompt reporting of significant results of detailed analysis.
A fast-moving battle situation dictates using the quickest means of getting information to the user. Electrical message, secure voice radio, and telephone are the mainstay of intelligence dissemination. Unformatted, fragmentary messages and standardized report formats carry the bulk of intelligence and are transmitted as soon as possible to keep pace with the constantly changing situation.
Information and intelligence are placed in the hands of the user in time to permit his evaluation and interpretation, formulation of plans, and initiation of action under the existing situation. If the information is of such value time does not permit complete processing before dissemination, the user should be made aware of this fact. An update with additional intelligence on the same subject will be transmitted as soon as it is available.
Most intelligence is disseminated rapidly and directly to the user. Unscheduled intelligence reports commonly used are:
- Spot Report.
- Tactical Intelligence and Translation Reports.
- Bombing, Shelling, Mortaring (BOMREP, SHELREP, MORTREP), and Aircraft Hostile Fire Reports.
- Weather Forecasts.
Scheduled Intelligence Reports. One objective of intelligence dissemination is to ensure that intelligence staffs at all echelons have the same general picture and use the same frame of reference in planning their operations. Therefore, some schedule-driven reports and briefings are used as time and available manpower permit. The periodic intelligence report (PERINTREP) and the intelligence summary (INTSUM) may be used with other reports to keep intelligence staffs aware of the total picture. These reports are disseminated to the next higher, lower, and adjacent commands as deemed necessary. They are of low priority, however, and prepared and disseminated after the immediate intelligence needs are met. The PERINTREP is used to disseminate detailed information and intelligence.
Intelligence Summary (INTSUM). The intelligence summary contains a brief summary of the most current enemy situation covering a period of time designated by the commander. This period of time will vary with the desires of the commander and the requirements of the situation. It provides a summary of the enemy situation in forward and rear operation, enemy operations and capabilities, and the characteristics of the weather and terrain. It aids in assessing the current situation and updates other intelligence reports. Negative information is included, but no operational information is excluded. The INTSUM reflects the intelligence officer's interpretation and conclusions regarding enemy capabilities and probable course(s) of action. The INTSUM is prepared at brigade and higher echelons and disseminated to higher, lower, and adjacent units. The INTSUM has no prescribed format except the word "INTSUM" will be the first item of the report. Appendix A illustrates the format of an INTSUM.
Order of Battle (OB) Annex. An OB annex is a document containing OB intelligence which is normally disseminated with the PERINTREP. Appendix B provides guidance concerning the preparation of the PERINTREP. It is a means of disseminating newly developed intelligence and only OB intelligence developed during the reporting period is presented. The format is as prescribed by Standardardization Agreement 2014 (STANAG 2014). Appendix C provides guidance concerning the preparation of the OB annex to the PERINTREP.
Other Intelligence Reporting Documents.
Intelligence Estimate. The primary purpose of the intelligence estimate is to:
- Determine the courses of action open to the enemy and the probable order of their adoption.
- Disseminate information and intelligence.
- Determine PIR concerning the enemy and the AO.
The intelligence estimate is a logical and orderly examination of the intelligence factors affecting the accomplishment of a mission. It provides the commander with an analysis of the AO and the enemy strength and capabilities that can influence his mission. It is used as a basis for planning and disseminating intelligence.
An intelligence estimate may be prepared at any level. It may be written or oral, formal or informal, detailed or summarized. It is normally written at division and higher and briefed down to battalion. Appendix E is an example of an intelligence estimate.
Operations Plan (OPLAN) and Operations Orders (OPORD). Intelligence on enemy forces is disseminated in paragraph 1a of the operations plan or order. When intelligence is too voluminous to include in paragraph 1a of the operations plan or order, an intelligence annex is prepared. The intelligence annex is a formal tasking document that may accompany an operations plan or order.
Paragraph 1 of the annex gives a summary of the enemy situation in sufficient detail to understand the plan or order. Subsequent paragraphs contain specific collection requirements and instructions. Appendix D is an example of the 0B annex.
The Intelligence Report (INTREP) - is a standardized intelligence report which is disseminated on a required basis. An INTREP is prepared when facts influencing enemy capabilities have been observed or when a change in enemy capabilities has taken place. The INTREP is passed to higher, lower, and adjacent units at the discretion of the commander producing the report. It is dispatched as quickly as possible following the receipt of the information and sent by the most expeditious means available. There is no prescribed format for the INTREP except the acronym "INTREP" will be the first item to appear in the report. Time permitting, the INTREP includes the originating office's interpretation of the information or intelligence being reported. The INTREP is normally an end product of OB analysis.
The Supplementary Intelligence Report (SUPINTREP) - is a standardized NATO report form used for more comprehensive reviews concerning information on one or several specific intelligence targets. It may also contain selected intelligence data collected over an extended period of time and include items contained in the INTREP or INTSUM.
The nature and content of data contained in the SUPINTREP dictate the specific dissemination. At the commander's discretion, the SUPINTREP is passed to higher, lower, or adjacent units. It is normally produced on special request or in support of a particular operation and is dispatched by the most suitable means available.