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SLUG: 2-289833 U-S/Angola (L-O)
DATE:
NOTE NUMBER:

DATE= 5/15/02

TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT

TITLE= U-S/ANGOLA (L ONLY)

NUMBER=2-2-289833

BYLINE= ALEX BELIDA

DATELINE= PENTAGON

CONTENT=

VOICED AT:

INTRO: A top U-S defense official says he believes Angolan authorities are serious about helping UNITA rebels demobilize following the end of the country's two-decade civil war. But as V-O-A Pentagon Correspondent Alex Belida reports, the official says quick action must be taken to ensure demobilization centers housing tens of thousands of rebels and their families do not become "death camps."

TEXT: Top Pentagon Africa official Michael Westphal says the government of Angola has allocated up to 50-million dollars to assist an estimated 55-thousand UNITA fighters and more than 300-thousand dependents.

Mr. Westphal tells V-O-A in an interview following a trip to Luanda that the government is committed to making the process a success.

///WESTPHAL ACTUALITY///

They want to make sure that as UNITA comes out of the bush that there is something that they can look at, something tangible to help them make the process from a military organization to a political organization within Angolan society.

///END ACTUALITY///

But the Deputy Assistant Defense Secretary for African Affairs says the logistic requirements to take care of the tens of thousands of people involved pose a serious challenge.

And he says Angolan officials, committed to the success of the operation, are looking for U-S, Portuguese and other international assistance. He says such aid will be essential to prevent a possible catastrophe in the demobilization camps where deaths from malnutrition and sickness are already reported.

///WESTPHAL ACTUALITY///

My hope and my belief is that they are in a position to be able to do something to help the Angolans to ensure that these camps do not become death camps.

///END ACTUALITY///

The Pentagon official says the Defense Department has capabilities that could be put to use in a humanitarian relief mission for Angola.

But he says no specifics have so far been discussed with Luanda or within the U-S government about how the United States can play a role.

///WESTPHAL ACTUALITY///

We need to start moving on it and I think we are. Now, how quickly? You know, it takes a while to get things...

///END ACTUALITY///

Defense officials see the demobilization process as crucial to the successful restoration of peace in Angola following the death of longtime rebel leader Jonas Savimbi.

They fear if food, medical aid and other assistance is not available, rebel fighters could abandon the camps and turn to banditry, fueling renewed chaos in the countryside. (Signed)

NEB/BEL/RH



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