THE NATIONAL UNION FOR THE TOTAL INDEPENDENCE OF ANGOLA
STANDING COMMITTEE OF THE POLITICAL COMMISSION
1999 - Year of Generalised Popular Resistance
The Standing Committee of the Political Commission of UNITA, assembled in session on 26th and 27th December, 1999. After exhaustive analysis of the political and military situation in the country, the following statement was issued:
1. About the MPLA's Government
Despite its gigantic propaganda apparatus which aims at granting the MPLA regime a halo of democracy, the regime continues dictatorial and single party system. It has the following characteristics:
The MPLA regime does not intend to work with and cooperate with other political parties which maintain their own identities. It is for that reason that it has created, supported and financed at the highest level, dissentions within the historical parties of UNITA, the FNLA and in the newly formed parties such as the PRS. Simultaneously the MPLA controls the other parties supposed to be in opposition.
The intolerance can be visible by the way the MPLA conducts its systematic and deliberate violations of human rights, liberties and the guarantees of the citizens. The MPLA tries to impose a monolithic opinion in the country, persecutes, imprisons and assassinates the opposition MP's and journalists of independent newspapers. In various forms it silences all those who express different opinions to its own.
2. The political exclusion
The MPLA eliminates physically all its true political adversaries and the population that follow them. In 1992 the regime assassinated the UNITA leaders including the Vice-President, Geremias Kalandula Chitunda; the Secretary General of the Party, Adolosi Paulo Mango Alicerces; the UNITA Head of Delegation to the Joint Political Military Commission "CCPM", Elias Salupeto Pena; and the Head of UNITA Administration Services, Elisen Sapitango Chimbili.
The regime carries out genocide with the complicity of certain international community bodies as the following examples show:
In 1992, more than 40,000 Angolan "UNITA Sympathisers" were murdered.
In 1993, 3,000 Angolans of Bakongo origin were murdered in what was known as the Bloody Friday.
The assassinations perpetrated by the MPLA are continuing in various forms throughout Angola with particular emphasis in the central highlands where entire populations are being murdered.
The Lusaka Protocol and the UN Security Council sanctions against UNITA have re-enforced and legitimised the MPLA's politics of exclusion.
The MPLA prefers military solutions to political problems as the following examples show:
- in 1975 the MPLA regime perpetrated massacres in blatant violation of the Alvor accords
- on 27th May, 1977, the regime carried out more massacres
- the present war against UNITA and its population is in violation of the Lusaka accords.
Outside Angola the MPLA regime practices the diplomacy of conspiracy to overthrow other governments, as has happened in 1997 in the Angolan neighbouring countries of the ex-Zaire and in the Congo Brazaville.
Furthermore, it is the lord of state terrorism:
- in 1998 the regime disseminated explosive charges in various cities of the Zambian Republic, including in its capital, Lusaka.
- in October 1999, the regime kidnapped a young Angolan student, Araujo Sakaita.
- in November 1999, it attempted the kidnapping of another student, Eloi Sakaita. Both acts took place in the city of Lome, the capital of Togo.
4. Corruption and theft from the National Exchequer
The MPLA regime has institutionalised corruption in Angola. More serious yet is the fact that its President, Jose Eduardo dos Santos heads the long list of his followers elite who are corrupt and rip the national exchequer.
The UNITA leadership and other Angolan patriots who have found courage, have been repeatedly bringing attention to the National and International communities to the irresponsible and criminal conduct of the MPLA regime in Angola.
The most recent Global Witness Report on this issue has only confirmed the multiplicity of accusations made by UNITA on this subject.
The MPLA Government cannot work for the prosperity of the Angolans.
THE UNITA OPTION
Given the deep rooted nature of the MPLA as described in the foregoing paragraphs and since the regime refuses any possibility of dialogue with UNITA, there remains no alternative to the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola but to proceed with the armed resistance. Such as it was against the Portuguese colonialism and the Russian-Cuban neocolonialism, until the MPLA changes its stand and accepts that political problems must be solved via dialogue.
As always, true democracy for Angola is UNITA's fundamental objective.
UNITA considers null and void the MPLA's whim to grant amnesty to anyone. Eduardo dos Santos has neither political legitimacy in Angola nor moral authority to this affect. He is a mere candidate to the second round of the presidential elections. Eduardo dos Santos is the only aggressor and promoter of the war in Angola, when he declared it on 5th December, 1998, on the opening of the 4th Congress of his Party.
UNITA recognises the efforts being made by the Angolan civilian society in general and the political parties in opposition "the POE's", in particular, for fighting against the restoration of a dictatorship and a one party system. Accordingly, the leadership of UNITA appeals to all its militants and to the Angolan patriots to resist in every way possible against the militarist stance of the MPLA regime.
UNITA's societal programme
It is now more than 33 years that UNITA has been fighting and making sacrifices to install in Angola a society based on the following fundamentals:
1. A State of law and democracy
A true democratic State and a state of law, with the existence of free political parties, independent and integral. A free independent press, the guarantee of human rights, liberty fundamentals to the citizen. The uncompromising defence of the principle of separation of the powers between the executive, the legislative and the judiciary. All citizens must be equal before the law.
2. The market economy
A market economy which guarantees an economic development sustained by a large social impact, to eliminate the assymetries in the society, to protect the most vulnerable classes and groups such as those who have no access to education, the old, women and the unprotected children.
2.1 the enlargement and diversification of economic sectors with the purpose of avoiding total dependency for the Angolan economy on oil and diamonds, through
2.1.1 the development of agriculture with technical and financial support, the creation for this purpose banks and rural promotion, for the gradual transition of an agriculture of subsistence to a mechanised and commercial sector.
2.1.2 to promote the development of micro-enterprises and of small and medium enterprises as the tissue of the Angolan enterprise.
2.1.3 the development of a communications network for easy and rapid circulation of people and the swift flow of goods and services.
2.1.4 the creation and development of a data bank accessible to all economic operators.
2.1.5 the creation of a legal framework to benefit the participation of foreign enterprises in the social and economic development of Angola, in compliance with the internal and international law when drafting the contracts. Including options for seeking international arbitration in cases of conflict.
2.1.6 the establishment, by law, of the duty of foreign enterprises to carry out training of Angolan nationals and other qualified labour in their line of activity.
2.1.7 the creation of a banking system which permits the setting up of private banks for the financing of local economic projects.
2.1.8 the moralisation of the public life, imposing transparency and rigor in the management of public matters.
3. Education, Technology and Culture
3.1 the creation of an education system which places the people as the pillars of national wealth and development, on which the state is obliged to guarantee the primary education to all citizens. The type of education which gives each Angolan citizen a basic and equal opportunity to self-improve their own living standards.
3.2 to dedicate a significant proportion of the G.D.P. to guarantee the execution of the education programme, scientific research and technological development.
3.3 to value the teaching profession with dignified salaries and conditions of service
3.4 to encourage the exchange in education framework with international institutions.
3.5 to encourage and protect by law, the private education sector.
3.6 to develop and protect the Angolan culture. Encourage research based on the principle that our culture is profoundly African and as such, it should participate in the universal culture.
4. Health and Social well-being
4.1 the creation and structuring of a health service system which takes into account the duty of the state to the population, by creating an efficient network of hospitals in the country with adequate equipment, medical staff and free medicine for the poorer and the vulnerable.
4.2 the creation of mechanisms of co-partnership of the state in medical and medicine assistance to the citizens through a national social security system.
4.3 to encourage and protect the free exercise of private medicine, without prejudice to the role of the state on the matter, dignifying the statute of the professionals in the health services.
5. UNITA relations with the rest of the world.
5.1 UNITA defends cooperation with other countries on the basis of mutual respect and reciprocal interests.
5.2 UNITA defends the sovereignty of Angola in the sense of adult decisions, without meddling or interfering in the affairs of other nations.
5.3 In its external politics, UNITA considers that Angola is part of and belongs to the African continent. Therefore it must develop its political, economic, social and cooperation relations on the basis of fraternity and solidarity, and not violence.
Prospect for Year 2000
The UNITA prospect for the year 2000 is peace. Peace which should necessarily go through direct negotiations between UNITA and the MPLA government. A dialogue on the profound causes; political and historical of the Angolan conflict and not about the mere classic mechanism of stopping armed conflicts.
UNITA urges each Angolan to assume their responsibility in the construction of the nation which constitutes the common Angolan family. The Angolan nation is being lost through business, corruption, irresponsibility and violence, under the pretext of sovereignty which is the disguise of the corrupt regime of the MPLA.
The Standing Committee declares the year 2000 "Year of Defence of the Angolan Nation".
Angola, 27th December, 1999.
The Standing Committee.
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