Hawaiian Operating Areas
Mid-Pacific Ocean Area Ranges
The Mid-Pacific Ocean area ranges consists of the ranges in the vicinity of the Hawaiian Islands. Fleet Area Control and Surveillance Facility [FACSFAC] Pearl Harbor is the scheduling and controlling authority for 133,000 square miles of special use airspace in the Hawaiian Operating Areas. The area surrounding Kauai is divided into warning areas with W-186 and W-188 controlled by Pacific Missile Range Facility (PMRF). The Fleet Area Control and Surveillance Facility (FACSFAC) controls W-187, 189, and 190.
The Federal Aviation Agency (FAA) Honolulu has defined Air Traffic Control Assigned Airspace (ATCAA) that can be used for military training. ATCAAs can be used to extend training areas for specific times and training evolutions. FAA Honolulu approves ATCAAs. Any military, government, or civilian user can request ATCAAs.
FACSFAC Pearl Harbor is a subordinate command to FACSFAC San Diego. The facility is located on Ford Island and is hosted by Naval Station Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The mission of FACSFAC Pearl Harbor is to support mid-Pacific Fleet Air, surface and subsurface units in all warfare areas. This support consists of providing ATC services and managing offshore operating areas. Support provided by FACSFAC Pearl Harbor is not limited to organizations representing the Department of the Navy.
FACSFAC Pearl Harbor is one of four scheduling authorities for the Hawaiian operating areas. Its area of jurisdiction encompasses approximately 133,000 square miles. Radar coverage of this area is provided by a JSS ARSR-4 long range radar and an Air Force AN/FPS-117 long range radar. Communications coverage is provided from three remote communications sites.
The tempo of flight operations in this area has declined since the early 1990s. This decline can be traced, in part, to the decommissioning of R-4104 (Kahoolawe Island) in 1994 thus ending the opportunity to conduct live fire/live ordnance training in the Hawaiian chain. An additional factor in the decline in air operations was the BRAC directed decision to close the Naval Air Station at Barbers Point and relocate a significant portion of its mission to NAS Whidbey Island.
Major concerns are the potential impact of the implementation of the concept of "Free Flight" on the training airspace when the concept is introduced in the area. Environmental concerns are focused on a Penguin and Humpback Whale sanctuary within the area jurisdiction of the command.
The FACSFAC Pearl Harbor Maintenance Division is responsible for the preventative and corrective maintenance of all equipment and components held by FACSFAC Pearl Harbor. This includes radio communication equipment, the Navy Tactical Data System (NTDS), microwave and land line transmission equipment and associated support equipment. FACSFAC Pearl Harbor's equipment suite is distributed among the main facility on Ford Island and three additional remote sites located at: (1) Mt Kaala AFS, Oahu; (2) Waimanalo Ridge, Oahu; and (3) Mt Kokee AFS, Kauai. The Maintenance Division also maintains much of the non-electric facility equipment, buildings and grounds that make up FACSFAC Pearl Harbor.
The primary mission of the FACSFAC Pearl Harbor Surface Operations Division is to provide Surface Surveillance and act as NTDS Link Coordinator in the Hawaiian OPAREAs. It conducts in-port and underway training for all NTDS facilities in Hawaii, including U.S. and visiting allied ships. During 2001 FACSFAC Pearl Harbor conducted 4,433 hours of Link-11 training, 57 live firing events, and numerous hours of communication training. NTDS Division conducted 264 hours of Link-11 operations and Mode III identification from 11-22 September 2001 while in direct support of Operation Enduring Freedom.
Air Intercept Control (AIC) "BIG BROTHER" Training conducted for Pearl Harbor based AICs utilizes FACSFAC equipment and air support from Phoenix Air and Flight International Lear aircraft, and on occasion Pacific Missile Range Facility (PMRF) C-26 aircraft. FACSFAC Pearl Harbor and Afloat Training Group Middle Pacific (ATG MIDPAC) coordinated efforts to bring the Big Brother Program to the Hawaiian OPAREA for 2001. This program is essential to maintain currency for all Pearl Harbor based AICs, and has saved thousands of dollars in TAD costs throughout its existence. TOTAL NUMBER OF USN INTERCEPTS PROVIDED: 1,115.
During 2001 Anti Submarine Tactical Air Controller (ASTAC) training was implemented to incorporate Pearl Harbor based ASTAC controllers into a structured proficiency training program. Still enthusiastically supported by Phoenix Air, Flight Intl, ATG MIDPAC, and FACSFAC Pearl Harbor; this program has also saved TAD funds by allowing controllers to remain in Hawaii for training, vice traveling to FCTCPAC, San Diego.
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