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US Marine Corps Forces Korea [USMARFORK]
Combined Marine Forces Command (CMFC)

USMARFORK supports COMUSKOREA by maintaining a headquarters in Seoul, Korea. HQ USMARFORK effects staff action required to accomplish its mission and tasks. It provides immediate command representation to COMUSKOREA, CINCUNC/CFC, COMCMFC, and the Commandant, Republic of Korea Marine Corps. HQ USMARFORK expands its capabilities as required to support COMUSKOREA operations. Personnel perform temporary duty to coordinate operational, training, administrative, and logistics issues as required.

HQ USMARFORK consists of a commander and staff with various divisions necessary to function as the U.S. Marine Corps Service component headquarters for COMUSKOREA. COMUSMARFORK, as the U.S. Marine Corps component commander for Commander, United States Forces Korea (COMUSKOREA), commands all U.S. Marine Corps forces assigned to COMUSKOREA; advises COMUSKOREA on the proper employment and support of U.S. Marine Corps forces; conducts employment/redeployment planning and execution for assigned and attached forces; and accomplishes assigned operational missions.

Combined Marine Forces Command (CMFC)

COMUSMARFORK functions as the Deputy Commander, Combined Marine Forces Command (DEPCOMCMFC)(Armistice), Commander, Combined Marine Forces Command (COMCMFC) (wartime designate) and Commander, United Nations Command Marine Forces Component (COMUNCMARFORCOMP) to CINCUNC/CFC; as the U.S. Marine Corps Liaison Element to COMCMFC (armistice); and as the U.S. Marine Corps liaison to the Commandant, Republic of Korea Marine Corps. During armistice, COMUSMARFORK conveys COMMARFORPAC's (the designated wartime COMUSMARFORK) intent and advice on the use of U.S. Marine Corps forces during wartime.

In essence, MarForKorea is a liaison staff from MarForPac to the respective CinC. MARFORPAC is intimately involved in planning for multiple MRC's under the direction of two CINC's (USCINCCENT and CINCCFC). To amplify, in the event of general war on the Korean Peninsula, COMMARFORPAC would be designated as Commander, Combined Marine Forces Command (COMCMFC) and Commander, USMC Forces (COMUSMARFORK) when designated. In this capacity MARFORPAC has actively participated in Exercise Ulchi Focus Lens and has deployed a headquarters under canvas in Hawaii with great success.

Combined Marine Forces Command (CMFC), commanded by the CG, Marine Forces Pacific, is charged with the same responsibilities as the Ground Component Command (GCC), Air Component Command (ACC), and Naval Component Command (NCC); however, it maintains operational control during employment phases over a very insignificant number of forces. The preponderance of Marine forces, during employment, remain under the operational control of either the GCC or NCC because that is where they are best integrated into the CinC's overall plan.

In addition to CMFC, there are headquarters/command element requirements for a U.S. Marine Forces Korea component, a landing force command element, and a Combined Marine Expeditionary Force (CMEF).23 CMEF is best described as a CJTF because it has multiple nation and service forces within its organization. Here again, the CMEF Commander must decide whether to fight the MEF himself (in addition to the other forces within CMEF); delegate MEF warfighting to one of his subordinate Marine commanders (e.g. Division or Wing); or create yet another Marine headquarters by establishing a MEF CE to fight the MAGTF within CMEF.



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