12th Marine Regiment
The 12th Marine Regiment was activated 4 October 1927 at Tientsin, China, as the 12th Regiment and assigned to the 3D Marine Brigade. It was reactivated 1 September 1942 at San Diego, California, as the 12th Marines and assigned to the 3D Marine Division. Relocated during October 1942 to Camp Dunlap, California, it deployed during March 1943 to Auckland, New Zealand, and redeployed during July 1943 to Guadalcanal. The Regiment participated in the Bougainville; Northern Solomons; Guam and Iwo Jima campaigns before relocating during December 1945 to Camp Pendleton, California.
The Regiment was reactivated 17 March 1952 at Camp Pendleton, California, and assigned to the 3D Marine Division. It deployed during August 1953 to Camp McNair, Japan, redeployed during February 1956 to Okinawa, and redeployed from March-July 1965 to the Republic of Vietnam. It participated in the War in Vietnam, May 1965 - November 1969, operating from Da Nang, Phu Bai, Chu Lai, and Hue. It redeployed from August-November 1969 to Camp Hansen, Okinawa.
The 12th Marine Regiment relocated during August 1971 to Camp Hauge, Okinawa. Elements participated in the Southeast Asia Evacuations, April-June 1975, and in the recovery of the SS Mayaguez, May 1975. The Regiment relocated during August 1976 to Camp Zukeran, Okinawa [Camp Zukeran was renamed Camp Foster during March 1980]. The 12th Marines participated in numerous training exercises throughout the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s, and elements participated in the operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm, Southwest Asia, September 1990-April 1991.
The 12th Marine Regiment relocated during July 1998 to Camp Hansen, Okinawa.
Relocation of artillery live-fire training from Okinawa to mainland Japan implemented portions of the Special Action Committee on Okinawa (SACO) agreements. Twelfth Marines deployed batteries, augmented with a Combat Service Support Detachment, to various locations on mainland Japan to conduct live-fire, artillery-sustainment training. The batteries participate in the Unit Deployment Program and spend six months on Okinawa before returning to the United States. The batteries receive augmentation from 12th Marines, 3d Force Service Supply Group and 3rd Marine Division, as needed, depending on facilities available at the relocation sites. The relocation of live-fire training to the mainland was the result of Okinawan requests to end artillery live fire on the island and the Marine Corps' need for sustainment training.
1st Bn., 12th Marines recently completed a Marine Corps Combat Readiness Evaluation on the Big Island, but the final test of their ability to fight in a nuclear, biological or chemical environment was proven when they successfully executed an operational decontamination evolution at the Boondocker Training Area in December 2002. The scenario was to show an evaluator from 12th Marine Regiment from Okinawa that the Marines know how to process contaminated equipment and personnel, and get them back in the fight.
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|