3rd Air Support Operations Group [3rd ASOG]
The 3d Air Support Operations Group's history started with the 602d Tactical Air Control Wing (TAIRCW) which was organized on 1 March 1966 at James Connally AFB, Waco, TX. It marked a new mission within the Tactical Air Command that placed emphasis on ground radar control and air support of ground forces. The unit participated in many major exercises during the 1970s to test and formulate USAF doctrine for the Tactical Air Control System (TACS).
The group's mission is to integrate aerospace power on the battlefield with the Army's fire and maneuver. The group advises Army commanders and staffs of Air Force aerospace power employment, provides tactical air control parties for control of close air support (CAS) assets, and also provides staff weather support for the Corps.
The ASOG began life at Fort Hood as an operating location of the 602d TAIRCW in the early 1970s. It was designated Detachment 1, 602 TAIRCW on 1 October 1977. The detachment grew rapidly in proportion to ever increasing taskings.
During operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm, airmen from the 602 TAIRCW deployed in support of ground and air operations. Almost 50 airmen from Detachment 1 at Fort Hood deployed in support of 1st Cavalry Division and 2d Armored Division's Tiger Brigade (1 Bde). Other units now under the 3rd ASOG also deployed to Southwest Asia. Well over 100 airmen from the units that made up the 3rd ASOG served in Southwest Asia. Additionally, over 50 airmen from the 3d Weather Squadron deployed with their TACP counterparts.
The autumn of 1991 saw the wing's name change to 602 Air Control Wing to reflect the recognition of the overlapping roles of tactical and strategic weapons systems.
With the reorganization of the Air Force, all Tactical Air Control Parties (TACPs) associated with combat maneuver units of III Corps were realigned under one headquarters. Previously the TACPs aligned with one inactivated. To support III Corps, the HQ 3d Air Support Group was activated as part of the 355th Wing at Davis-Monthan AFB, AZ, using elements from what had been Detachment 1, 602 ACW. This put all elements of the Tactical Air Control System supporting III Corps under one commander.
On 1 July 1994 the 3 ASG was renamed the 3d Air Support Operations Group (3rd ASOG) and reorganized to include weather units from the 1st Weather Group that supported the combat maneuver units of III Corps. The staff of 3rd ASOG headquarters is dual roled as the TACPs for III Corps and 6th Cavalry Brigade. On 1 October 1994 the 3rd ASOG became part of 8th Air Force.
The 3rd ASOG is composed of nearly 500 Air Force people who directly support the U.S. Army in several different ways. Units assigned to the group include the 9th, 10th, 11th, 13th, and 712th Air Support Operations Squadrons, and the 3rd Weather Squadron. The 3rd ASOG provides tactical air support for the Army's III Mobile Armored Corps, which includes the 1st Cavalry Division, the 4th Infantry Division (Mechanized), and geographically separated units, such as the 3rd Brigade of the 4th Infantry Division, and the 10th Special Forces Group (Airborne), at Fort Carson, Colorado, and the 1st Infantry Division and 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment (ACR) at Fort Riley, Kansas. The 3rd ASOG also provides weather support to III Corps, at home and in the field.
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