375th Airlift Wing [375th AW]
The 375th Airlift Wing was initially activated at Bowman Field, KY, on November 18, 1942, as the 375th Troop Carrier Group. The unit was briefly stationed at Sedalia Army Airfield, MO (later known as Whiteman Air Force Base), Laurinburg-Maxton Army Air Base, NC, and Baer Field, IN.
The 375th was activated in the Reserve on August 3, 1942. It was redesignated the 375th Troop Carrier Group (Medium) in June 1949, and later called to active duty on October 15, 1950, at Donaldson Air Force Base, SC, until inactivation on July 14, 1952. Simultaneously, it again was allotted to the Reserve where it remained until November 16, 1957, when it was inactivated.
It was redesignated the 375th Aeromedical Airlift Wing and activated December 27, 1965. The 375th AAW organized at Scott Air Force Base January 12, 1966. The 375th was given the additional assignment of aeromedical airlift for the continental United States and off-shore areas. The wing also had the role of providing support for all units stationed at Scott and the 1607th Air Base Group at Richards-Gebaur Air Force Base, Kansas City, MO. In 1968, a five-year modernization program of Scott facilities, assignment of jet hospital planes (C-9A Nightingales) and an increasing patient airlift brought on by the war in Southeast Asia created an overload. The wing's 375th Air Base Group was inactivated from September 8, 1968 to May 31, 1973. During this span, the base host role and the modernization program were accomplished by the 1400th Air Base Wing. The 375th was freed to concentrate on flying.
Since June 1975, the 375th has managed the domestic aeromedical evacuation system, providing timely airlift of seriously ill or injured military members, their families and other Department of Defense patients to medical treatment centers. In wartime or other contingencies, the aeromedical evacuation system is designed to evacuate battle casualties from combat areas anywhere in the world.
The 375th Airlift Wing has played a role in the following humanitarian operations:
Operation Homecoming (February 12-April 4, 1975), Canary Islands (March 27-30, 1977), Guyana (November 19, 1978), Freedom Flight (January 20, 1981), Vietnam Study (August 1981-August 1984), Operation Urgent Fury (October 25-November 19, 1983), Beirut U.S. Embassy Bombing (September 20, 1984), Philippines Pines Hotel Fire (October 23, 1984), TWA Flight 847 Hostages (June 29, 1985), Beirut Marines Barracks Bombing (October 23-December 9, 1985), Karachi, Pakistan (September 5-6, 1986), Project Hope (November 7, 1986), Soviet Armenian Earthquake (February 9, 1989), Panama Contingency/Operation Just Cause (December 22, 1989-February 14, 1990), Desert Shield/Desert Storm (August 2, 1990-February 27, 1991), Return of Somalia Captive Michael Durant (October 16, 1993), Pope Air Force Base, NC, Crash (March 1994).
The 375th Airlift wing is responsible for providing a responsive aeromedical airlift system within the United States with C-9A aircraft and conducting all Air Force C-9A aircraft qualification instructor training. The wing also provides operational support airlift for cargo and passengers in peace and in war with C-21A aircraft while seasoning first assignment pilots. Comprised of 5 groups and 20 squadrons at Scott AFB, as well as 7 C-21 units throughout the U.S., the wing also provides host support to many organizations, including Air Mobility Command and U.S. Transportation Command, both headquartered at Scott AFB.
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