185th Air Refueling Wing [185 ARW]
185th Fighter Wing [185th FW]
In 2003, the 185th Fighter wing was redesignated the 185th Air Refueling Wing.
In its 2005 BRAC Recommendations, DoD recommended to realign Fairchild AFB, WA. The 141st Air Refueling Wing's eight KC-135R aircraft would be distributed to the 185th Air Refueling Wing (ANG). In distributing KC-135R force structure to Sioux Gateway Air Guard Station (67), the Air Force applied military judgment in replacing aging, higher maintenance KC-135E force structure at Sioux Gateway with newer models to increase the unit's capability and retain trained, experienced aircrews and maintenance technicians.
185th Fighter Wing History
The 185th fighter Wing of the Iowa Air National Guard is located in America's heartland at Sioux Gateway Airport in Sioux City, Iowa. The ANG 185th Fighter Wing re-role to the KC-135E Strato-Tanker will start with the 2001 fiscal year, when the wing is supposed to get 10 KC-135E models, requiring about $40 million in new construction. The Iowa National Guard will be receiving an upgrade to the 185th Fighter Wing airport in Sioux City to handle up to 8 refueling tankers.
The unit was established in December, 1946. The Army Air Force's 386th Fighter Squadron, activated in 1943, was inactivated in 1945 and redesignated the 174th Fighter Squadron and allocated to the National Guard on May 24, 1946. The 174th is still the flying squadron at the 185tgh Fighter Wing. The squadron has flown single seat fighter aircraft since it's inception.
The 386th had been based at several sites in Europe during W.W.II. The 174th was activated for service during the Korean conflict in 1951, and the 185th was called to Active duty again in 1968 for Vietnam, where the 174th flew more combat sorties than any other Air National Guard unit involved in that conflict.
In both 1956 and 1990 the unit won the Spaatz trophy recognizing them as the best Air Guard unit in the country. The unit has been awarded the Air Force Outstanding Unit award four times- 1985, 1986, 1987 and 1989. In addition, the 174th Fighter Squadron won that same award in 1969 with a designation of valor.
The 185th's Logistics Group is a two time winner of the Daedalian Trophy which recognizes the best maintenance team in the ANG. In 1989, the unit won the 12th Air Force A-7 gunnery meet for the second time. Also in 1989, the 185th received the Gunsmoke A-7 Maintenance Team Award for the second time, and won the Best Overall Appearance Award for its aircraft. The maintenance squadron's pride in their aircraft is reflected in the distinctive nose art.
The unit has trained in such far away places as Panama, Belgium, England, Korea and Denmark. That training was put to the test when the 185th participated in Operation Provide Comfort II patrolling the skies over Northern Iraq in 1993 and 1996.
The federal mission of the 185th Fighter Wing is to provide structure, training, resources, facilities and equipment in support of total force. Its state mission is to provide equipment and trained personnel to meet the emergency and humanitarian needs of the citizens of Iowa.
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