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Theodore Roosevelt Strike Group
Theodore Roosvelt Battle Group
TRBATGRU
CVN-71 Theodore Roosevelt
"Rough Rider"

The responsibilities of the TR Battle Group (commanded by Carrier Group Eight) are broadly defined in U. S. Navy regulations and outlined more specifically in Commander, Naval Air Forces Atlantic Operation Orders. Additional responsibilities are set forth in operational plans and orders issued by seniors in the national and NATO chains of command.

Tasked with maintaining open sea lanes of trade and communications, TR is capable of projecting air superiority to all points of the globe. The embarked Carrier Air Wing ONE aircraft serve as outstanding instruments of peace. Anytime and anywhere TR reports for duty, she brings 4.5 acres of sovreign U.S. territory and 97,000 tons of diplomacy.

TR's equipment and crew are always maintained at the highest state of readiness. This enables the ship to carry out a wide variety of missions, including: air warfare, strike warfare, surface warfare, undersea warfare and electronic warfare. TR also shares the task of replenishing ships at sea and performing a variety of non-combat missions, such as the rescue at sea of people in distress and the transport of refugees and others in need of help.

People make TR more than a mere mass of steel, cables and pipes. She is a floating city of 5,500 professional men and women from every state in the Union. It is the veteran Sailor with gold on his dress blues and the young 17-year old, away from home for the first time, who provide TR with heart and soul.

USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71) is the fourth NIMITZ-class carrier. Her history began on Sept. 30, 1980, when a contract was awarded to Newport News Shipbuilding.

Construction began on Oct. 31, 1981, when Secretary of Defense Casper Weinberger authenticated the keel laying of TR by initiating the first weld.

CVN 71 was the first aircraft carrier to be assembled in large sections, or modules. The process started with the ship in pieces, much like a plastic model. The pieces were pre-staged in "lay-down" areas, assembled into large modules, hoisted into place, and welded together. Many of the larger systems were installed in the modules while they were still in the lay-down areas. This reduced the need for cutting and rewelding access passages. Modular construction, made possible through the use of a huge gantry crane capable of lifting 900 tons, cut 16 months off TR's construction time. The innovative construction techniques employed in Theodore Roosevelt have been used on every aircraft carrier since.

In October 1984 the ship was officially christened. On Oct. 25, 1986, TR was placed in active service.

On Dec. 30, 1988, TR started her maiden deployment, which was also the maiden deployment of the first 10-squadron air wing, Carrier Air Wing EIGHT. On Dec. 28, TR and CVW-8 deployed for Operations DESERT SHIELD. TR entered the war on Jan. 9, 1991, eventually flying over 4,200 sorties, more than any other carrier, and dropping over 4,800,000 pounds of ordnance before the cease-fire on Feb. 28. When Iraqi forces turned on the Kurds, TR and CVW-8 were among the first coalition forces in Operation PROVIDE COMFORT, flying patrols over northern Iraq. After a 189-day deployment, with 169 days at sea, TR returned to Norfolk on Jun. 28, 1991.

TR and CVW-8 began their third deployment on Mar. 11, 1993, teamed with the Special Purpose Marine Air Ground Task Force (SPMAGTF) to test the concept of embarking a multi-purpose Marine force in a carrier. TR hosted President Bill Clinton's first visit to a U.S. Navy ship, then sailed to the Adriatic as CVW-8 planes enforced Operation DENY FLIGHT in the U.S. no-fly zone over Bosnia. In June, on the way to only her second port visit, TR was ordered to turn around and transit the Suez Canal enroute to the Red Sea to participate in Operation SOUTHERN WATCH, enforcing the no-fly zone over Iraq. Deployed for 184 days, TR spent 169 days underway. Her flight deck logged over 16,000 hours, and CVW-8 flew more sorties than during the Persian Gulf War.

Crest and Insignia

The conceptual design of USS Theodore Roosevelt's seal was created by Wesley Berryman of Newport News, Va., the city where the ship was constructed. Modifications to the basic design were made by members of the ship's crew. Salient aspects of the Seal are as follows:

  • The profile of Theodore Roosevelt was taken from a photograph of him addressing the citizens of Asheville, NC, during his presidency. It was selected for his tenacious and determined look; a look that indicates a willingness to use force if required.
  • Newport News Shipbuilding designed the TR "bow script" specifically to adorn hull number 624D during the launching ceremony, a tradition in the shipyard. The seal was officially approved by E.J. Campbell, President and Chief Executive Officer, Newport News Shipbuilding. PCU THEODORE ROOSEVELT later requested to use the script in the ship's official logo and was granted permission by Newport News Shipbuilding.
  • "Qui Plantavit Curabit" is the Theodore Roosevelt family motto, which translates to, "He who has planted will preserve." Simply stated, the mission of the ship is to be prepared to preserve the peace of our great country, no matter what the cost.
  • A light gray blue ("Alice Blue") fills the Seal's background. The color honors Mrs. Alice Lee Roosevelt Longworth, who was Theodore Roosevelt's eldest daughter. When she was young, Mrs. Longworth was particularly fond of light blue gowns and dresses. She and her flair for this color were the inspiration for the song, "My Sweet Alice Blue Gown" which was featured in the popular 1919 musical production, "Irene".
  • In Dutch, the name Roosevelt means "field of roses." The two roses in the name ring of the Seal were taken from a field of roses represented on the Roosevelt family coat of arms.
  • The mooring line, or rope, in the outer ring has 58 strands, which reflects the year Theodore Roosevelt was born--1858.

The USS Theodore Roosevelt "Spirit Pin," measures 1.5 inches in diameter, and is authorized for wear by TR crewmembers on their right shirt pocket with working uniforms, Summer Khakis and Summer Whites. Salient aspects of the Spirit Pin are as follows:

  • Newport News Shipbuilding designed the TR "bow script" specifically to adorn hull number 624D during the launching ceremony, a tradition in the shipyard. The seal was officially approved by E.J. Campbell, President and Chief Executive Officer, Newport News Shipbuilding. PCU THEODORE ROOSEVELT later requested to use the script in the ship's official logo and was granted permission by Newport News Shipbuilding.
  • A light gray blue ("Alice Blue") fills the Pin's background. The color honors Mrs. Alice Lee Roosevelt Longworth, who was Theodore Roosevelt's eldest daughter. When she was young, Mrs. Longworth was particularly fond of light blue gowns and dresses. She and her flair for this color were the inspiration for the song, "My Sweet Alice Blue Gown" which was featured in the popular 1919 musical production, "Irene".

Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt, the second of four children, was born on October 27, 1858 in New York City. As a child, he struggled against frailty, nearsightedness and asthma. His love for reading helped foster a love for nature and the outdoors. He also exercised vigorously and developed a lifelong interest in what he called "the strenuous life".

He entered Harvard at 18 intent of becoming a naturalist. As a senior he began work on a book, "The Naval War of 1812." TR graduated 21st in a class of 177 in 1880 and married Alice Hathaway Lee. After graduation, at the age of 22, Mr. Roosevelt joined New York City's 21 District Republican Club and was elected to the New York Assembly.

TR's mother died of typhoid in February 1884, and his wife died later the same day of Bright's disease (a kidney ailment) while giving birth to their daughter, Alice. TR left New York to regain his strength and confidence at the Elkhorn Ranch in the North Dakota Badlands. Returning to NYC in 1886, TR ran unsuccessfully for Mayor. That year, he married Edith Kermit Carow, who would bear him five children. Political service to Benjamin Harrison won TR a seat on the Civil Service Commission in 1889. He gained national attention by staging a fight against favoritism. TR's position: Jobs should go to the most qualified applicants.

In 1895, Roosevelt took the post of NYC Police Commissioner and fought Democrats and Republicans to establish a merit system for appointments and promotions. TR was appointed Assistant Secretary of the Navy in 1897. He immediately began building the strength of the Navy.

Concerning an experimental steampowered naval aircraft, TR wrote, " It seems to me worthwhile for this government to try whether it will work on a large enough scale to be of use in event of war." The war he was referring to was brewing with Spain over control of Cuba.

During the 1898 Spanish-American War, TR resigned to go to battle. He organized the First U.S. Cavalry Regiment "The Rough Riders" and saw action at San Juan Hill. Returning from Cuba a hero, Roosevelt was elected Governor of New York in 1899 and resumed his work for reform. He tightened control of sweatshops and pushed for government supervision of utilities and insurance companies.

TR angered the Republican bosses who were now torn between a desire to get him out of their hair and a wish to exploit his votegetting vigor. Their solution: Bury him in the Vice Presidency. TR became the running mate of President McKinley in the 1900 election. His popularity increased McKinley's margin of victory. Mr. McKinley was mortally wounded by an assassin on Sept. 6, 1901. A week later, TR was sworn in as this nation's 26th President.

In his first year as President, TR took action on his calls for reform by suing the Northern Securities Company, then trusts in the beef, coal and sugar industries. TR was also active in conservation. He set aside 150 million acres for national use, doubled the number of national parks and created 16 national monuments.

In 1902, TR moved to create the Panama Canal. He mediated a peace which brought an end to the RussoJapanese War in 1905, and won the Nobel Peace Prize. In 1907, TR sent 16 American battleships around the world. The Great White Fleet was, as TR remarked, "the most important service I ever rendered to peace." In 1909, TR left the White House but continued to live the "strenuous life." He began a Smithsoniansponsored African safari, bagging more than 500 animals and birds.

He was back in politics for the 1912 election though TR's "Bull Moose" party never gained the support needed to bring him to the Presidency again. TR stumped hard for the Liberty Bond drive after the outbreak of war in Europe. However, with the death of his son, Quentin, in 1918, TR's spirit began to wane. In the early morning of January 6, 1919, Mr. Roosevelt died.

"Death had to take him sleeping," said Vice President Thomas R. Marshall. "For if Roosevelt had been awake, there would have been a fight." Mr. Roosevelt was the first president to fly and the first to submerge in a submarine. As Assistant Secretary of the Navy, he supported research and development in carrier aviation.

In naming CVN 71, former Secretary of the Navy John F. Lehman said, "(TR) was one of the architects of our modern Navy. His complete faith in the necessity for a strong Navy has been fully justified by most recent history."



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