Special Operations Command Africa (SOCAFRICA)
Special Operations Command, Africa (SOCAFRICA) is US Africa Commandís (AFRICOM) Theater Special Operations Command, a functional, sub-unified special operations command for Africa. SOCAFRICA contributes to AFRICOMís mission through the application of the full spectrum of Special Operations Forces capabilities including civil affairs, information operations, theater security cooperation, crisis response, and campaign planning. SOCAFRICA exercises operational control of Special Operations Forces within the command's area of responsibility in Africa, which included 53 countries and more than 13 million square miles as of 2010.
The Command has operational control for Army, Navy, Marine and Air Force special operations forces, which deploy for the execution of training and operational missions. The primary focus of the command is on special operations forces missions that develop African Partner capacity, provide assistance and support theater security cooperation objectives.
In August 2007, a a transitional special operations headquarters was formed as part of the development of a unified US regional command for Africa. On 1 October 2008, with the transformation of US Africa Command (AFRICOM) to a unified regional command, this headquarters was formally actived as Special Operations Command Africa (SOCAFRICA).
On 12 October 2011, President Barack Obama announced that he had authorized the deployment of combat-equipped US forces, said to be primarily US special operations forces personnel, to central Africa. There they would help regional forces fight the notorious Lord's Resistance Army and its leader, Joseph Kony. A total of 100 service members and civilians were to deploy to the region during the month, including a second combat-equipped team and headquarters, communications and logistics personnel. The US forces were not engage LRA forces unless necessary for self-defense, and were primarily to be involved in training local military forces in Uganda, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and South Sudan. Foreign internal defense is a traditional mission of US Army Special Forces personnel. The personnel deployed would be sent to regional capitals and other areas to work with governments, their militaries, and the peacekeeping missions in order for these forces to counter the LRA threat and protect civilians. The State Department would oversee the 3 other parts of the plan: to protect civilians, disarm and dismantle the LRA, and provide humanitarian relief to areas affected by the guerrilla militia.
On 10 November 2011, SOCAFRICA issued a request for information seeking to identify sources capable of providing logistics civilian augmentation program (LOGCAP) support in the country of the Republic of Mali, Africa. The purpose of this LOGCAP would be to provide support for nearly 2,000 individuals across 3 locations in Mali simultaneously: Bamako, Gao, and Mopti/Sevare. The US Government was contemplating a single award, firm fixed price, indefinite delivery indefinite quantity type contract. The contract would not exceed 3 months with estimated planning dates at the time being between January 2012 and April 2012. The proposed LOGCAP would include a number of components at a minimum, including tentage to serve as living quarters, latrine and shower facilities, water and sewage services, trash removal, and a minimum of 8 100-kilowatt diesel generators. This contract was intended to support the annual Exercise Flintflock, which was to be hosted in Mali before being canceled due to political instability in the country. The LOGCAP contract was also subsequently canceled.
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