E Troop, 9th Cavalry Regiment
In July 2004, the 3rd Infantry Division began transformation to the US Army's new modular force structure. As a result, E Troop, 9th Cavalry Regiment was inactivated and its personnel reflagged as part of the subsequently activated 6th Squadron, 8th Cavalry Regiment, part of the modular 3rd Infantry Division's 4th Brigade Combat Team.
On 28 July 1866, the 9th Cavalry Regiment was constituted in the Regular Army. On 3 August 1866, General Phillip Sheridan, commander of the Military Division of the Gulf, was authorized to raise one regiment of African-American cavalry that was to be designated the 9th Cavalry Regiment. The regiment was organized on 21 September 1866, at Greenville, Louisiana with Colonel Edward Hatch, a brevet Major General commanding. The 9th Cavalry was ordered to Texas in June of 1867 where it would be charged with its first mission. The 9th Cavalry was charged with protecting stage and mail routes, building and maintaining forts, and establishing law and order in a vast area full of outlaws, Mexican revolutionaries, and raiding Comanche, Cheyenne, Kiowa, and Apaches.
The early history of the 9th Cavalry Regiment was closely tied to the movement of people and trade on the western plains and along the Mexican Border. These routes, a result of perceived "manifest destiny," extended the domination of the United States into the far reaches of a largely unsettled western plains and southwestern territories.
The 9th Cavalry Regiment throughout history played a vital role in the development of the United States of America. It participated in the Spanish American War, World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. E Troop, 9th Cavalry earned 2 Campaign Silver Bands and 18 troopers have received the Medal of Honor.
In September 2002, elements of E Troop, 9th Cavalry departed for Kuwait for a rotation as part of the Operation Desert Spring.
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|