82nd Military Police Company
In 2006 as part of the transformation of the entire 82nd Airborne Division to the US Army's new modular force structure, the 82nd Military Police Company was inactivated. Its component units were reflagged as the military police components for the Brigade Special Troops Battalions and Division Special Troops Battalion, an integral component of the reorganized modular Division and Brigade Combat Teams.The 82nd Military Police Company's mission was to deploy within 18 hours and conduct military police operations in support of the 82nd Airborne Division. As an element of the 82nd Airborne Division, the 82nd Military Police Company was capable of rapid deployment anywhere in the world. All of its personnel and equipment could be airdropped. Thus, the entire Company could be delivered by air to any place the United States Air Force could reach. The airflow for movement of the company could start within 18 hours of notification. The "All American" Military Police Company trained extensively for night operations and was completely at home fighting during hours of darkness, the preferred time for airborne assaults.
The 82nd "All American" Military Police Company consisted of a headquarters platoon, which enabled the company to function; 4 Military Police platoons that supported the Division by performing the Military Police combat missions, as well as law enforcement in the Division area; and the provost marshal office, which functioned as a special staff advisor to the commanding general. Three platoons provided direct support to the Division's 3 infantry Brigades and the fourth platoon provided general support to the Division's rear area. The Provost Marshal Office planned and directed military police support throughout the Division and advised the Division Commander and his staff on military police employment.
The mission required the company to maintain platoons in a posture for quick recall and rapid deployment. Platoons maintained this readiness posture using the following three six-week rotation cycles. During the training cycle, the military police paratroopers sustained their war-fighting skills. Training distracters were minimized. Platoons were postured to deploy within 18 hours. Platoons continued to train during mission cycle, but they would do so in a manner that would allow them to meet directed deployment times. Alert procedures required the soldiers to be on a 2-hour recall. In this cycle, the "All American" military police would assist, protect, and defend their fellow paratroopers by conducting law enforcement operations in the Division garrison.
The 82nd Military Police Company supported the Division as a unique combat multiplier. The company provided combat military police support in the form of traffic circulation control, rear area security operations, enemy prisoner of war control, and evacuation of non-combatants.
In addition, the 82nd Military Police Company provided a full range of combat support and combat service support for the Division throughout the spectrum of operations, from combat operations to stability and support operations. This support included controlling refugee movement, conducting law and order operations, and may include training indigenous law enforcement officials in the area of operations.
The 82d MP Company has consistently and successfully demonstrated the versatility and flexibility of Military Police forces in every Division operation from World War I to Operation Joint Gaurdian in Kosovo. It continued this tradition in deploying elements in support of the 82nd Airborne Division to Iraq as part of Operation Iraqi Freedom between 2003 and 2005.
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