420th Engineer Brigade (Corps)
The 420th Engineer Brigade (Corps) is the Engineer Element of III Corps.
In July 2001 the 420th Engineer Brigade of Bryan, TX received the second generation A1 model Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV). This is recognition of the 420th being on the leading edge of the AC/RC integration and also of the priority that the 420th has within the legacy corps.
As the Army moved toward Force XXI, the division redesign proposed to eliminate the engineer brigade headquarters from the heavy division. This concept was tested November 1997 in a 4th Infantry Division (Mechanized) (ID[M]) Advanced Warfighting Experiment (AWE). Current Engineer Restructure Initiative (ERI) benefits were tested in a March 1997 warfighter exercise by 1st Cavalry Division (Cav Div) set in a Korean scenario. With over 8,000 engineers spread throughout the division's battlespace, this training exercise validated the present ERI structure. The division was augmented by the 937th Engineer Group, consisting of a robust contingent of corps engineers from the 420th Engineer Brigade (Corps). The force was tailored to enable the division to sustain momentum as the corps main effort. Other corps units were operating immediately to the rear of the division, maintaining MSRs and lines of communication (LOC) into the division. The total engineer force under division control consisted of eight engineer battalions and 17 separate companies-more than 8,000 soldiers total-operating throughout the entire sector's depth. This effort's synchronization was complex, getting engineers to the critical place at the critical time and ensuring efforts in the division's rear area were supporting the fight at the forward line of own troops (FLOT) and ensuring that the corps engineer effort behind the division was directed to the division objective.
During the 1st Cav Div Warfighter Exercise in March 1997, the engineer brigade commander was responsible for eight engineer battalions and 17 separate companies. The engineer brigade was also augment-ed with an engineer group to provide added control for the large number of engineer elements. While the division engineer still had responsibility for engineer operations throughout the entire division battlespace, the group commander focused primarily on the division rear and MSRs for-ward to the ever-advancing engineer work line. This relationship worked very well, with the division engineer focusing primarily on the deep and close fights, and the group commander focusing on the rear fight.
Participating in public events and memorials is an excellent way to accomplish community relations objectives. These representatives of the Army serve as ambassadors to the civilian community and promote patriotism, interest in the Army, and awareness of forces' professionalism. Elements of the 489th Engineer Battalion, 420th Engineer Brigade USAR), helped a rural community near Little Rock, Arkansas, plan, develop, and build a local recreational area for the general public.
The distinctive unit insignia was approved on 16 April 1968, consisting of four narrow silver bands in cross on a background of silver rays within an oblong silver frame with arched top and inscribed "SUCCESS" in red letters and the base by a dark blue scroll inscribed "OUR BLUEPRINT" in silver letters; superimposed between the scrolls and centered in the silver bands, a gold color metal and enamel piece consisting of a red disc with gold rim and hub from which extend in cross terminating on the gold rim, four narrow white bands. The circle with narrow and crossed bands, simulating both a weapon sight and an optical measuring device, refers to the Unit's dual engineering and combat mission. The gold center hub stands for the command function of the Brigade and the gold rim for its mission of planning, coordination and supervision. The lower scroll is blue with silver letters in allusion to a blueprint.
The shoulder sleeve insignia was approved on 18 December 1967. The colors scarlet and white (silver) are used for the Corps of Engineers, the gold symbolizing the higher level of command of the Brigade. The division of the shield by the white center lines and gold circle represent the composition of the Brigade of a varying number of units of different sizes and configurations. The larger gold circle is symbolic of planning, coordination and supervision functions of the Brigade which organize the various elements into a working unit. The gold circle in the exact center of the shield represents the command function of the Brigade from which all brigade functions radiate. The combination of the circles and the crossed center lines represent the dual engineering and military mission of the unit by recalling an optical measuring device and its military application of a weapon sight.
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