322nd Civil Affairs Brigade
"No Kapono O Kalahui" - "For the Benefit of Mankind"
The mission of the 140-member 322nd Civil Affairs Brigade headquarters unit at Fort Shafter is to serve as a liaison between military commanders of the 8th Army in South Korea and civilian relief agencies. Soldiers are trained to understand the culture of the people and possess skills, such as language, that soldiers would not regularly have. Many of the reservists in civil affairs units are linguists, engineers and lawyers in civilian life whose skills are not readily available in the active force.
On 25 August 1945 the unit was constituted at Presidio of Monterey, California, as 102nd Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, Military Government Group. On 25 January 1945 it was inactivated in Korea. On 12 June 1955 the unit was reorganized and redesignated as 322nd Military Government Group and assigned to the Army Reserves. On 01 September 1955 it was activated at Fort DeRussy, Territory of Hawaii, and on 01 December 1959 the unit was reorganized and redesignated as the 322nd Civil Affairs Group. On 16 September 1992 the unit was reorganized and redesignated as the 322nd Civil Affairs Brigade.
The years following the Persian Gulf War were very busy ones for the Army Reserve. While Army Reserve Civil Affairs and Public Affairs soldiers were engaged in Operation PROVIDE COMFORT in northern Iraq immediately following the war, other Army Reserve CA soldiers found themselves assisting in the humanitarian relief effort in Bangladesh, Operation SEA ANGEL. A cyclone hit Bangladesh on April 29 and 30, 1991, killing 100,000 people and leaving millions of others stranded on islands in the Ganges and Brahmaputra River deltas. Army Reserve soldiers from the 351st CA Command, the 364th CA Brigade, the 322nd CA Group and the 402nd and 413th CA Companies joined active Army soldiers and U.S. Marines to providing help to the victims. Operation SEA ANGEL ended in late May.
In the past, Pacific Army civil affairs specialists have been put on active duty to help with Kurd refugees who were relocated to Guam in 1997, illegal Chinese immigrants who were detained on Wake Island, and typhoon relief efforts.
A Disaster Preparedness Planning Survey (DPPS) was performed in the Republic of Kiribati from 30 June to 10 July 1994. The survey and subsequent evaluation was performed by personnel from the 364th Civil Affairs Brigade, Portland, Oregon, and the 322nd Civil Affairs Brigade, Honolulu, Hawaii.
Soldiers from the 322nd Civil Affairs Brigade, 9th Regional Support Command in Hawaii, deployed to East Timor to support the United Nations humanitarian operation there. They were not the only USAR soldiers supporting activities in East Timor. The Logistics Civil Augmentation Program (LOGCAP) Support Unit (LSU) had barely finished activating at Fort Belvoir on October 16, 1999, when the LSU was called upon by U.S. Pacific Command to coordinate the replacement of military heavy lift helicopters with civilian contract aircraft to transport refugees and distribute food, water and fuel. Soldiers of the LSU successfully accomplished their first mission, executing a $10 million contract with a civilian helicopter firm, freeing up U.S. Marine helicopters and U.S. Navy ships for other missions.
Most of the civil affairs soldiers waited in Darwin until force-protection conditions became acceptable. Before deploying to Fort Bragg, the 96th Civil Affairs Battalion established the CMOC and handed off control in early November to 10 US Army Reserve soldiers from the 322d Civil Affairs Battalion, Fort Shafter, Hawaii. The initial contribution by the Army was limited to a small number of personnel, as special units were organized to provide specific capabilities to INTERFET. These capabilities included communications supplied by Task Force Thunderbird of the 86th Signal Battalion, civil-military operations support provided by the Army Reserve's 322d Civil Affairs Brigade, staff intelligence and support officers detailed from U.S. Army Pacific, and command and control elements sent from the 516th Signal Brigade.
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