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319th Military Intelligence Battalion (Collection) (Airborne)
319th Military Intelligence Battalion (Operations) (Airborne)

As part of the transformation of the 525th Military Intelligence Brigade to a Battlefield Surveillance Brigade in 2008, the 319th Military Intelligence Battalion transformed from an Operations Battalion to a Collection Battalion.

Previously, the mission of the 319th Military Intelligence Battalion (Operations) (Airborne) had been to provide rapidly deployable all-source predictive intelligence, targeting support, direct support intelligence packages, and C2 warfare support to the XVIII Airborne Corps for world-wide contingency operations.

The 319th Military Intelligence Battalion (Operations) (Airborne) was first constituted on 14 July 1945 in the Army of the United States as the 319th Headquarters Intelligence Detachment and activated on 1 August 1945 at Bad Schwalbach, Germany. There it served as an interrogation unit for German Prisoners of War. The Detachment was inactivated on 31 October 1946 in Germany.

The Detachment was redesignated on 20 December 1946 as the 319th Military Intelligence Company and activated on 30 December 1946 in Japan. The Company was reorganized and redesignated on 1 September 1952 as the 319th Military Intelligence Service Company and allotted to the Regular Army. Though not deployed to the Korean peninsula, the unit recieved a Meritorious Unit Commendation for support rendered during the Korean War. The Company was inactivated on 28 March 1954 in Japan.

The unit was redesignated on 14 January 1955 as the 319th Military Intelligence Battalion and activated on 7 March 1955 at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland. The unit was reorganized and redesignated on 25 January 1958 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 319th Military Intelligence Battalion.

The 162nd Military Intelligence Company was reorganized and redesignated on 13 July 1959 as Company A, 319th Military Intelligence Battalion. The 162nd Military Intelligence Company had been fisrt constituted on 5 April 1945 in the Army of the United States as the 162nd Language Detachment and activated on 23 April 1945 in the Philippine Islands. The Detachment was inactivated on 10 February 1946 in Japan. The Detachment was redesignated 14 January 1955 as the 162nd Military Intelligence Platoon and allotted to the Regular Army. The Platoon was activated on 7 March 1955 at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland. The Platoon was reorganized and redesignated on 25 January 1958 as the 162nd Military Intelligence Company before being redesignated as an element of the 319th Military Intelligence Battalion. As a result of its lineage, Company A was entitled to a campaign streamer for pariticpation in the Luzon campaign during the Second World War, as well as a Philippine Presidential Unit Citation.

The Battalion was inactivated on 15 February 1968 at Fort Shafter, Hawaii. It was reactivated on 1 April 1982 at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, as a subordinate unit of the 525th Military Intelligence Brigade to provide both general intelligence support and special communications support to the XVIII Airborne Corps.

Concurrently with this activation, the 336th Army Security Agency Company was reorganized and redesignated as Company B, 319th Military Intelligence Battalion. The 336th Army Security Agency Company had been first constituted on 1 July 1952 in the Regular Army as the 336th Communication Reconnaissance Company and activated on 6 August 1952 at Fort Devens, Massachusetts. The Company was reorganized and redesignated on 16 May 1955 as Company A, 311th Communication Reconnaissance Battalion. The Company was redesignated on 1 July 1956 as Company A, 311th Army Security Agency Battalion, before being inactivated 18 December 1957 at Camp Wolters, Texas. It was disbanded entirely on 15 February 1966. The Company was reconstituted on 21 September 1978 in the Regular Army as the 336th Army Security Agency Company and activated on 16 September 1979 at Fort Bragg, North Carolina.

In October 1983, elements of the Battalion deployed to the island of Grenada for Operation Urgent Fury. In 1988, Battalion personnel participated in the emergency deployment to Honduras to counter an incursion by Nicaraguan forces. In 1989, the 319th Military Intelligence Battalion deployed to Panama in support of Operation Just Cause. The 319th Military Intelligence Battalion Battalion deployed to Saudi Arabia in support of Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm as part of the XVIII Airborne Corps in 1990-1991. In September 1994, the Battalion deployed to the island of Haiti in support of Operation Uphold Democracy. In December 1995 and again in October 1996, the Battalion deployed elements to Hungary, Italy, and Bosnia in support of Operation Joint Endeavor.

In 2008, the 525th Military Intelligence Brigade transformed into a modular Battlefield Surveillance Brigade. The 319th Military Intellingence Battalion was reorganized into a Collection Battalion, but remained assigned to the 525th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade.




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