311th Military Intelligence Battalion
"Eyes of the Eagle"
As a result of the tranformation of the 101st Airborne Division to the US Army's modular force structure, Military Intelligence Companies of the Division and Brigade Special Troops Battalions took over the role of the 311th Military Intelligence Battalion, which was subsequently inactivated.
The mission of the 311th Military Intelligence Battalion is to deploy within 36 hours worldwide providing Combat Intelligence, Electronic Warfare, Counter Intelligence, Interrogation of Enemy Prisoners of War, and Long Range Surveillance to support the defeat of enemy forces and control land area including population and resources.
The 311th Military Intelligence Battalion, 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) at Ft. Campbell, Kentucky was composed of a Battalion Headquarters and Headquarters Service Company, three Direct Support Companies, one General Support Company and one Long Range Surveillance Detachment. The 6 subordinated companies' primary focus was to provide intelligence to the 101st Airborne (Assault) division and its varied missions.
The 311th Communication Reconnaissance Battalion was constituted and assigned to the Army Security Agency at Fort Devens, Massachusetts on 14 June 1954 and further assigned to the 503rd Communications Reconnaissance Group. It was redesignated as the 311th Army Security Agency Battalion in 1956. The unit's primary mission was to furnish cryptologic intelligence support. After a movement to Camp Walters, Texas, in activations and reactivations, the unit was redesignated on 1 June 1982 as the 311th Military Intelligence Battalion and assigned to the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault).
The Battalion shares its heritage with several units. The 101st Military Intelligence Company was constituted 12 June 1944 as the 101st Counter-Intelligence Corps Detachment. Activated on 20 April 1944 at Newburg, England, the company participated in four campaigns during World War II. After World War II, the Detachment was inactivated in France. In March 1956, the unit was reorganized and redesignated as the 101st Military Intelligence Detachment. The 101st Military Intelligence Company was formed after a reorganization-redesignation in December 1969. During the Vietnam Conflict, the unit participated in 12 major campaigns.
The 265th Army Security Agency Company (also known as the 265th Radio Research Company (Airborne)) was constituted in March 1967 and activated in April at Fort Campbell, Kentucky. The Company deployed to Vietnam and participated in more than 30 major Division operations and 13 campaigns. The unit was inactivated and reactivated in April 1972 and June 1976 respectively.
The Long Range Surveillance Detachment was activated in January 1968 as Company L, 75th Infantry (Ranger). The unit provided long range surveillance and reconnaissance support to the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault). The unit was reactivated in 1986 and attached to 2nd Squadron, 17th Calvary. The detachment deployed to Saudi Arabia for Operation Desert Shield in September 1990. During Operation Desert Storm, the Detachment provided deep surveillance and reconnaissance in Iraq.
The 311th Military Intelligence Battalion deployed to Saudi Arabia on 5 August 1990 with the first 23 soldiers of the Division. Supporting Desert shield and Desert Storm, the Battalion provided combat intelligence, electronic warfare, counterintelligence, battlefield deception, interrogation and psychological operations support providing commanders the capability to see and shape the battlefield by identifying Iraqi dispositions, capabilities, vulnerabilities, intentions and delivering targets.
The 311th MI Battalion deployed to Kandahar, Afghanistan, as part of Operation Enduring Freedom. While there, the unit was part of Task Force Rakkasan. Elements also later deployed to Iraq with the 101st Airborne Division during Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2003.
In 2004 the entire Division returned to Fort Campbell, Kentucky for a tranformation to the US Army's new modular force structure. Under the revised structure, each Brigade within the 101st Airborne Division would have a Special Troops Battalion (as well as a Division Special Troops Battalion for the entire 101st Airborne), which would include among other things a Military Intelligence Company. As a result the 311th Militay Intelligence Battalion, which used to provide individual Companies to the component elements of the 101st Airborne was inactivated.
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