22nd Signal Brigade
As part of the restructuring of US forces in Europe and the transformation of the US Army as a whole, the 22nd Signal Brigade was inactivated on 22 May 2007. The remaining battalions assigned to the Brigade, the 32nd and 440th Signal Battalions, were also inactivated at that time.
The mission of the 22nd Signal Brigade, "Victory's Voice," was to, on order, rapidly deploy to provide Joint and Combined Signal Support to V Corps or other contingency forces in support of conventional warfare or regional stability operations.
The 22nd Signal Brigade was first constituted in the Army of the United States as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 22nd Signal Service Group on 14 November 1945 with duties supporting the Army of Occupation in Europe. The Group was later inactivated in Germany on 20 June 1948 while under the command of Colonel Frank J. Schaal.
On 27 September 1951, the Group was redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 22nd Signal Group and allotted to the Regular Army. The Korean War saw the activation of 22nd Signal Group on 1 November 1951. The 22nd Signal Group took part in 5 campaigns and was awarded the Meritorious Unit Commendation and Streamer, embroidered Korea. The unit was reorganized and redesignated on 15 April 1954 as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 22nd Signal Group The Group was inactivated in Korea on 13 May 1955.
The Group as reactivated on 19 August 1963 in Germany. The Group was reorganized and redesignated on 15 October 1963 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 22nd Signal Group. In February 1964, the 22nd Signal Group assumed its first operational mission by taking over the Edingen High Frequency Radio Station and eventually 43 planned frequency sites. By the time the last site was under the 22nd Signal Group's control in August 1964, the Group had become a subordinate unit of the US Army Strategic Communications Command - Europe, thus severing its ties with United States Army Europe. The Group was again reorganized and redesignated on 15 September 1965 as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 22nd Signal Group.
When France made the final decision to withdraw from NATO, the 22nd Signal Group kept communication channels open to withdrawing US forces until 16 March 1967. The Group was inactivated as a TOE unit on 13 November 1967 and was organized under a TDA as Signal Group 22, supporting United States Army commands until 12 August 1974, when Signal Group 22's colors were case in Mannheim, Germany.
In April 1980, a provisional signal brigade was established in Germany. On 16 September 1980, the 22nd Signal Group was placed on the active rolls in an augmentation carrier status. A reorganization of the assets of the 32nd Signal Battalion (Corps) to create the Brigade Headquarters and the 17th Signal Battalion followed.
The 22nd Signal Brigade (Corps), a major subordinate command of Headquarters, V Corps, was formally activated on 16 March 1981 by its first commander, Colonel Theodore W. Hummel. At that time, the 22nd Signal Brigade consisted of 3 battalions: the 17th Signal Battalion (Command), the 32nd Signal Battalion (Radio), and the 440th Signal Battalion (Area). The Brigade's headquarters, along with 17th and 32nd Signal Battalions, were headquartered in Hoechst, while the 440th Signal Battalion remained in Darmstadt. The V Corps G6 office was located with the V Corps Headquarters in Frankfurt.
In 1990, many Brigade soldiers deployed to Saudi Arabia as part of Operation Desert Shield and subsequently Operation Desert Storm. The 22nd Signal Brigade was re-equipped with the Army's revolutionary Mobile Subscriber Equipment (MSE) in the Central Region of Germany immediately after Operation Desert Storm and successfully weathered Army force reductions in US Army Europe (USAREUR). By tha time, the Brigade headquarters was located in Darmstadt, along with 32nd and 440th Signal Battalions. The 17th Signal Battalion headquarters was in Kitzingen. The Corps G6 office was stationed in Heidelberg with the V Corps headquarters.
In 1995, under the operational command of the 1st Armored Division's Task Force Eagle, the 22nd Signal Brigade Headquarters, 440th Signal Battalion, elements of the 17th and 32nd Signal Battalions, and 1st Armored Division's 141st Signal Battalion, deployed to Bosnia-Herzegovina in support of Multi-National Division-North. Brigade Signaleers were the first elements to fly into Tuzla Airbase and cross the swollen Sava River during that first frozen December 1995. The Brigade Task Force went on to install over 11 MSE node centers and over 43 small extension switching teams in support of US, Russian, Turk, and Nordic-Polish forces throughout the Task Force Eagle area of operations in Bosnia. Task Force Eagle Signaleers broke new ground in providing superbly reliable voice, data, and video teleconferencing capabilities to MND-North's dispersed forces.
After returning to Germany in December 1996, the Brigade quickly reestablished itself as the premier tactical signal brigade in the Army. The Brigade was at leading edge of tactical and technological innovations while supporting a vigorous USAREUR and V Corps exercise and training program. Since 1995, 22nd Signaleers have been continuously deployed in support of both the 1st Infantry Division and 1st Armored Divison in Bosnia, US EUCOM's national support element in Hungary and NATO's Task Force Able Sentry in Macedonia. In May 1998, the brigade once again deployed the 440th Signal Battalion to Bosnia as the 1st Armored Division's Task Force Eagle Signal Support Force.
Elements of V Corps received orders to deploy to Kuwait. According to Stars and Stripes in a story on 2 January 2003, the 94th Engineer Battalion, the 22nd Signial Brigade, the 205th Military Intelligence Brigade, and the 3rd Corps Support Command would be departing for Kuwait in the coming weeks. The was part of the build up prior to the launching of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
In November of 2006, 5th Signal Command absorbed command and control of the 22nd Signal Brigade from V Corps as it continued its leadership of the transformation of Signal forces in Europe. 5th Signal Command provided oversight to the 22nd Signal Brigade throughout its inactivation process.
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