201st Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
201st Military Intelligence Brigade
The mission of the 201st Military Intelligence Brigade (Battlefield Surveillance) is to conduct multi-disciplined intelligence collection, surveillance, and reconnaissance operations in support of full spectrum operations as part of an Army Corps or designated Joint Task Force.
The 201st Military Intelligence Brigade (Battlefield Surveillance) was first constituted on 23 July 1942 in the Army of the United States as the 323rd Signal Company, Wing. It was activated on 1 September 1942 at Miami, Florida. Stationed on the Marshall Islands during World War II, the Company supported Army Air Force units in the Pacific. The Company was inactivated on 17 October 1946 at Andrews Field, Camp Spring, Maryland. The unit was awarded campaign streamers for participation in the Antisubmarine and Western Pacific campaigns.
The unit was redesignated on 6 September 1950 as the 323rd Signal Radio Intelligence Company and allotted to the Organized Reserve Corps. The Company was activated on 2 October 1950 at Fort Myer, Virginia, assigned to Second Army. The unit was converted and redesignated on 3 January 1951 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 601st Communication Reconnaissance Group. It was redesignated on 5 February 1951 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 503rd Communication Reconnaissance Group. The unit was ordered into active military service on 1 May 1951 at Fort Myer, Virginia. While on active service, the Organized Reserve Corps was redesignated on 9 July 1952 as the Army Reserve, to which the unit remained assigned. The unit was released from active military service on 16 May 1955 and reverted to reserve status. It was inactivated on 20 July 1955 at Fort Myer, Virginia.
The Group was reactivated on 6 January 1956 at Washington, DC. It was redesignated on 3 September 1956 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 503rd Army Security Agency Group. It was inactivated on 27 June 1959 at Washington, DC.
The unit was withdrawn on 1 September 1987 from the Army Reserve, allotted to the Regular Army, and consolidated with the 201st Military Intelligence Detachment. The 201st Military Intelligence Detachment had been first constituted on 12 July 1944 in the Army of the United States as the 201st Counter Intelligence Corps Detachment and activated on 20 August 1944 in New Guinea. While in the Southwest Pacific Area, the Detachment was attached to I Corps and supported it in the New Guinea and Luzon Campaigns. The Detachment was inactivated on 25 February 1946 in Japan after the end of the Second World War.
The 201st Counter Intelligence Corps Detachment was activated 6 October 1950 in Korea. There it was assigned to the United States Army Forces - Far East and the Eighth US Army and served in 9 campaigns of the Korean War: UN Offensive, CCF Intervention, First UN Counteroffensive, CCF Spring Offensive, UN Summer-Fall Offensive, Second Korean Winter, Korea Summer-Fall 1952, Third Korean Winter, and Korea Summer 1953. The unit was later inactivated on 21 February 1955 in Korea.
The the 201st Counter Intelligence Corps Detachment was allotted on 20 March 1956 to the Regular Army and activated on 12 June 1956 in Korea. It was reorganized and redesignated on 15 May 1959 as the 201st Military Intelligence Detachment before being inactivated on 30 June 1971 in Korea. It was reactivated on 1 October 1971 at Fort Hood, Texas and inactivated on 21 June 1975 at Fort Hood, Texas, before its lineage and honors were consolidated with that of Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 503rd Army Security Agency Group in 1987.
The consolidated unit was concurrently redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 201st Military Intelligence Brigade and activated at Fort Lewis, Washington. The new units colors consolidated the various campaign streamers and awards of both units.
The unit was withdrawn on 16 September 2003 from the Regular Army and allotted to the Army Reserve. The unit subsequently was withdrawn from the Army Reserve and allotted back to the Regular Army. It subsequently became I Corps' military intelligence brigade, becoming the "Eyes and Ears of America's Corps." The mission of the 201st Military Intellignce Brigade was to conduct dominant intelligence operations in support of I Corps across the operational spectrum as an ARFOR or CJTF headquarters. It would, on Order, rapidly deploy tailored intelligence and support packages.
It was organized as a Corps Contingency Military Intelligence Brigade with one company and 2 battalions. The assigned units were the Brigade's Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment and the 502nd Military Intelligence Battalion (Operations). The 29th Signal Battalion was attached for peacetime command and control. The Brigade also had a Training and Mentoring relationship with the 250th Military Intelligence Battalion (Tactical Exploitation) of the California Army National Guard and exercised command and control of I Corps' Long Range Surveillance Company, F Company (Long Range Surveillance), 425th Infantry, an element of the Michigan Army National Guard.
On 3 July 2008, the 201st Military Intelligence Brigade transforms into a modular Battlefield Surveillance Brigade at Joint Base Lewis-McChord's Watkins Parade Field. As part of the restructuring the unit gained an additional military intelligence battalion, and both battalions were organized as intelligence collection battalions. The Battalion also replaced the previous Army National Guard LRS company with C Company (LRS), 38th Infantry, as well as being assigned the 63rd Signal Company (Network Support) and the 602nd Support Company (Forward).
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