2nd Battalion, 69th Armor Regiment
The 69th Armored Regiment's history began on 15 July 1940 when it was formed and assigned to the lst Armored Division. This original assignment did not last for long. In February 1942 it was reassigned to the 6th Armored Division where it continued to serve until September of 1943 when elements of the Regiment were divided and reassigned. The Regimental HQ and lst Battalion remained with the 6th Armored Division as the 69th Tank Battalion, while the 3rd Battalion was redesignated as 708th Amphibian Tank Battalion and was a participant in several critical amphibious campaigns and distinguished itself during the bloody fighting on Okinawa earning the battalion the Navy Presidential Unit Citation.
The 69th Tank Battalion, as part of the 6th Armored Division, was included in various European campaigns including Normandy, the Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace and Central Europe. The unit, along with many others, was deactivated in 1946 following the end of the Second World War. This deactivation came to an end when the unit was redesignated as the 69th Medium Tank Battalion in August 1950. Once again it assigned to the 6th Armored Division, where it served until it was stood down in 1956, ending its assignment to the 6th Armored Division.
Following the outbreak of hostilities on the Korean peninsula, the 708th Tank Battalion was subsequently restructured and redesignated the 89th Medium Tank Battalion. In November 1951, it was again reflagged the 89th Tank Battalion and assigned to the 25th Infantry Division. The unit's combat actions earned the Presidential Unit Citation and the Navy Unit Commendation.
The 89th Tank Battalion returned to Hawaii with the 25th Infantry Division where it remained until deactivation in 1957.
With the establishment of the regimental combat arms system, the formerly fragmented elements of the 2nd Battalion were remade into the 69th Armored Regiment. With the left over elements of the 69th and the 89th Tank Battalions, the 69th Armored Regiment was redesignated the 69th Armor, a parent regiment under the Regimental Combat Arms system.
As part of the 197th Brigade (Separate), 2/69 Armor led the assault of the 24th Infantry Division into Iraq during Operation Desert Storm in February 1991.
In March 2003, 3rd Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division took part in the invasion of Iraq codenamed Operation Iraqi Freedom. Between 21 March 2003 and 14 April 2003 the 3rd Brigade covered 500 kilometers of terrain in the advance.
In 2004 the 3rd Infantry Division (Mechanized) began transformation to the US Army's new modular force structure. 2-69th Armor was reorganized, but remained part of the reorganized and redesignated 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 3rd Infantry Division (Mechanized).
In January 2005 the 3rd Brigade Combat Team deployed to Iraq again as part of Task Force Liberty headed by the 42nd Infantry Division, and subsequently attached to elements of the 101st Airborne Division. The 3rd Brigade Combat Team, including 2-69th Armor, returned from Iraq in January 2006.
In 2007 2-69th Armor returned to Iraq with other elements of the 3rd Brigade Combat Team on another tour of duty in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. 2-69th Armor participated in the capture of a ringleader of a cell responsible for conducting rocket and improvised explosive device attacks on the people and security forces of North Babil, Iraq in July 2007, codenamed Operation Grenada. This mission was conducted in support of elements of 4th Brigade Combat Team (Airborne), 25th Infantry Division. The 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 3rd Infantry Division (Mechanized) remained in Iraq into 2008.
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