19th Military Police Battalion (CID)
The mission of the 19th Military Police Battalion (Criminal Investigation Division) is to provide criminal investigative services to the United States Army within a Pacific Rim geographical area of responsibility including the state of Hawaii, South Korea, Japan and Okinawa. It would, on order, deploy individual(s) or detachments in support of contingency operations.
Prior to 2008, and the activation of the Korea Field Office, the Commander, 19th Military Police (CID) had direct responsibility for collecting, evaluating, and disseminating to affected US Forces Korea (USFK) staff and component commanders, criminal and terrorist related criminal information within the provisions of applicable statutes and regulations. Its missions included: Cooperation with other US Government and host nation agencies, investigating terrorist incidents on USFK installations and hostile acts directed against USFK personnel or facilities; providing trained hostage negotiators to support the USFK force protection program; providing personal security vulnerability assessments (PSVAs) for high risk personnel and their quarters/workplaces; planning and coordinating personal protective services for designated personnel as directed; conducting resident personal protection training for USFK personnel assigned to high risk billets; and ensuring the appropriate liaison between US Government agencies, and the host nation police and security agencies.
The 19th Military Police Battalion (CID) was first constituted on 12 August 1943 in the Army of the United States as the 19th Military Police Section, Criminal Investigations. The organization was then activated on 14 August 1943 at Fort Custer, Michigan with the primary mission of detection and prevention of crimes within its area of responsibility. On 29 December 1944, the unit was reorganized and redesignated as the 19th Military Police Criminal Investigation Detachment. On 28 September 1945, it was inactivated at Camp Anza, California.
The Detachment was reactivated on 15 June 1947 in Japan and on 12 December 1950 was allotted to the Regular Army. On 1 April 1954, the organization was reorganized and redesignated as the 19th Military Police Detachment. On 31 July 1971, the unit was inactivated in Korea.
In October 1994, the 19th Military Police Detachment was reactivated as the United States Army Criminal Investigations Command Modified Table of Order and Equipment (MTOE) organization in Seoul, Korea, replacing a Table of Distribution and Allowances (TDA) element, the Far East District, USACIDC, formerly known as the 7th Region, USACIDC. The organization was reactivated with the 20th, 21st, and 76th Military Police Detachments as subordinate MTOE elements, covering a geographic area extending from India to the International Dateline.
In 1972 the 19th Military Police Battalion was formed as a headquarters for the 43rd Support Group's Military Police companies. The Group was redesignated as the 43rd Corps Support Group in 1973 at Fort Carson, Colorado.
Adequately supplying troops was been a major concern to the Army since the American Civil War, when supply contractors often short-changed the Union Army simply in the interest of turning a wartime profit. For example, civilian suppliers often shipped half-filled containers of coffee to the soldier on the battlefield. The other half was filled with sand. Unfortunately, this type of fraud against the government remained prevalent 130 years later.
One of the main responsibilities of criminal investigation units, such as the 316th Military Police Detachment (CID), was to detect and eliminate this kind of illegal activity. To accomplish this part of its mission, the 316th conducted a theaterwide logistics security assessment of Korea in 1995 with the assistance of the active duty CID agents from the 19th Military Police Battalion headquartered in Seoul, Korea. Reserve and Active Component CID agents brushed up on the US Army's logistics supply system and then proceeded to thoroughly examine system vulnerabilities in Korea during the joint military training exercises.
Agents interviewed commanders and visited many logistics support sites and organizations throughout Korea. The final Theater Logistical Security Threat Assessment addressed the logistics security deficiencies, provided commanders with recommendations to correct the problems, and presented an excellent training opportunity for both active duty and US Army Reserve CID agents.
In 1996, the unit was redesignated as the Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 19th Military Police Battalion (CID). The 19th Military Police Battalion (CID), then headquartered at Yongsan Garrison in Seoul, Korea had the 3 MTOE detachments in Korea, as well as 2 elements in Japan, the Japan Resident Agency at Camp Zama and the 102nd Military Police Detachment on Okinawa.
The 19th Military Police Battalion was inactivated on 14 November 2008 and the Korea Field Office (CID) was concurrently activated in its place. As part of the Korean peninsulas' transformation, the Korea Field Office was to lead all CID investigative operations. The activation of the Korea Field Office ensured that commanders would continue to have the same level of commitment, support and cooperation that they received when the 19th Military Police Battalion Headquarters had been in country. The Korea Field Office took over control of the 20th and 21st Military Police Detachments, while the 76th Military Police Detachment was inactivated.
The 19th Military Police Battalion (CID) was reactivated on 1 May 2009, at Wheeler Army Airfield in Hawaii. There it assumed the CID role in Hawaii, which had previously been fufilled by the Hawaii Field Office (CID), 6th Military Police Group (CID). It also resumed its previous functions, taking control of the 2 CID elements in Japan and the Korea Field Office (CID) in Korea, which had temporarily been under the control of the 6th Military Police Group directly while the unit relocated.
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