153rd Field Artillery Brigade
The Mission of the 153rd Brigade Field Artillery of the Arizona Army National Guard is to control and coordinate the artillery fires of up to five field artillery battalions, and to integrate all fire support assets into combined arms operations at division and corps levels.
The 852nd SPT Center has an on call mission for I Corps and XVIII Airborne Corps. It plans, directs and coordinates rear battle operations within the designated Corps Support Group Area. In 1999 the 852nd deployed to Macedonia in support of the UN peacekeeping efforts in Kosovo.
The 363rd Ordnance Disposal Unit provides the capability to neutralize hazards resulting from domestic or foreign explosive devices, which may present a threat to military operations, installations, personnel, or material.
The 158th Infantry Regiment was born September 2, 1865, as the First Arizona Volunteer Infantry. The Regiment was drafted into Federal Service for World War I, 5 August 1917 as part of the 40th Division. Reorganization after the 1st World War assigned the 158th Infantry to the 45th Division. On 16 September 1940, the declaration of the National Emergency, the 158th Infantry joined its parent organization, the 45th Division at Ft. Sill, Oklahoma. After being relieved by divisions in campaign after campaign across the Pacific, the 158th Infantry was selected to spearhead the final invasion of Japan.
Using elements of the 158th Infantry, "Bushmasters", which had been called to active federal service for World War II., the unit was initially organized 7 December 1942 in the Panama Canal Zone as Cannon Company, 158th Infantry. On completion of wartime service it was inactivated 17 January 1946 in Japan, and then reactivated 21 January 1948 at Glendale, Arizona. It was reorganized and Redesignated as the Heavy Mortar Company, 158th Infantry, and then Combat Support Company, 1st Battle Group, 158th Infantry. On 1 March 1963, the unit was reorganized and Redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 3rd Battalion, 158th Infantry, 258th Infantry Brigade.
On 10 December 1967, the unit was converted and Redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1583rd Military Police Battalion, 258th Military Police Brigade. It was again Redesignated 1 September 1969 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 157th Military Police Battalion.
On 1 April 1976 the unit returned to its Field Artillery roots and was converted and Redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 153rd Field Artillery Group. Finally on 1 September 1978, the unit was Redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery 153rd Field Artillery Brigade.
In August 1998, the brigade headquarters participated in the 40th Infantry Division Warfighter exercise at Ft. Leavenworth. The training consisted of a computer assisted force on force command post exercise for about 900 participants, for which the 153rd Field Artillery Brigade provided the artillery counter-fire.
In January 1999, the headquarters was a key player in a bilateral exercise with the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force. The brigade tested a 21st Century fire support concept of a self-contained Field Artillery Task Force.
The 363rd Explosive Ordnance Disposal Company provides the capability to neutralize hazards resulting from domestic or foreign explosive devices, which may present a threat to military operations, installations, personnel, or material. It deployed to the Republic of Panama in May 1999 to conduct range clearing operations on former training ranges. The clearings were performed in anticipation of the return of these military areas to Panama under the Canal Treaty.
The 852nd Rear Area Operations Center was called to active service on June 23, 1999 in support of NATO peacekeeping activities in Kosovo. The unit is operating Camp Able Sentry in Macedonia, and is expected to return in December 1999.
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