1st Battalion - 175th Infantry Regiment
Mordecai Gist, the Father of the Maryland National Guard, on December 3, 1774, organized The Baltimore Independent Cadets, a company of 60 men--"For the better security of our lives, liberties, and properties and was composed of gentlemen of honour [sic], family, and fortune." Gist was a young Baltimore merchant. The unit became the Baltimore Independent Cadets on December 3, 1774, and circa 1776, Smallwood's Maryland Battalion.
On December 10, 1776 Marylanders, responding to a call from the Continental Congress, formed the Maryland 5th Infantry, the "Dandy Fifth", as part of the "Maryland Line" and established the Maryland Militia as one of the oldest regiments in the nation. The unit also came to be konwn as the Maryland Line circa 1776 after General Washington referred to Maryland units that "held the line" against British forces as "the Maryland Line".
The unit was later came to be known as the 5th Regiment of Militia, circa 1787; as the 5th Maryland Infantry Regiment circa 1814; as the 5th Maryland Infantry Regiment and the 1st Maryland, C.S.A. [Confederate] during the Civil War.
The unit was later redesignated as the 5th Maryland Infantry Regiment "the Dandy 5th" circa 1867. The unit was reassigned and was redesignated as the 5th Maryland Infantry Regiment, 29th Infantry Division circa 1917. It was redesignated as the 115th Infantry Regiment, 29th Infantry Division after consolidating with the 1st and 4th Maryland Infantry Regiments circa 1917. The 5th Regiment was the largest National Guard regiment called to Federal Service for World War I.
It was redesignated as the 5th Maryland Infantry Regiment circa 1918; and as the 175th Infantry Regiment, 29th Infantry Division circa 1941.
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