Ministry of Narcotics Control
Narcotics Control Division
Prior to April 1989, narcotics matters were dealt in the Ministry of Interior, and the Pakistan Narcotics Control Board (PNCB), the field organization, was an attached department of the Ministry. As the complexity of narcotics problem had grown globally, and the drug abuse had proliferated in Pakistan. Narcotics Control Division was set up in April, 1989. Narcotics Division had traditionally been part of the Interior Ministry. The Federal Government until 2002, had a small but effective Cabinet which consisted of 16-17 ministers. Since then there has been a proliferation of the Ministries to 41 and the number of Division to 46 but very little visible improvement in the efficiency or effectiveness parameters.
The Anti Narcotics Task Force (ANTF) and the PNCB are the law enforcement arms of the Narcotics Control Division. The PNCB was set up in 1973. This Department essentially performs the coordinating, controlling and supervisory functions. The ANTF was newly set up as a Force under the Narcotics Control Division. The functions of this Force are to inquire into and investigate all offences relating to, or connected with preparation, production, transportation, trafficking or smuggling of intoxicants, narcotics and chemical precursors or reagent used in the manufacture of narcotics or dangerous drugs or assets therefrom or any offence committed in the course of the same transaction under any law for the time being in force, including any attempt or conspiracy to commit, or any abutment of any such offence.
The presence of two law enforcement agencies with almost the same functions, under the Narcotics Control Division, necessitated their reorganization so that the resources and manpower of these two organizations could be jointly put to use for more effective narcotics law enforcement. The Government has since placed these two organizations under the command of the Directorate General of ANTF.
Institutional changes have also been made at the highest level. A Policy Review Board was set up under the chairmanship of the Minister for Narcotics Control with Provincial Ministers of Home and Health Departments as its members to meet twice a year and review the implementation of Government's policy in all areas of narcotics control. Under this arrangement the narcotics issues will remain under continuous review and evaluation of the political leaders. In addition, a Narcotics Interdiction Committee comprising heads of Federal and Provincial Law Enforcement Agencies has been set up to meet periodically and review and evaluate the narcotics interdiction measures and performance of the agencies concerned in this regard.
The US State Department's Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement (INL) FY 2009 Request of $7.7 million for Pakistan included +$1.0 million in program changes. The $6.7 million in FY 2008 supported INL's Counternarcotics Program in Pakistan. The Counternarcotics Program is designed to inhibit poppy cultivation throughout Pakistan, to prevent a spillover effect from the poppy growing and opium processing areas currently flourishing in neighboring Afghanistan, reverse its expansion into non-traditional areas, return Pakistan to its zero-poppy status, help Pakistan defend itself against the migration of labs from Afghanistan, prevent criminal syndicates from taking hold of local economies, and controlling drug abuse often seen in drug transit countries. INL will expand training and equipment for the Frontier Corps, border area drug demand reduction programs - specifically focusing on both treatment and rehabilitation of existing addicts and drug awareness prevention. Funds will be used to further the expansion of roads and small schemes, begun in FY 2007, into new areas of drug cultivation and criminal activity. In addition to the Frontier Corps, these funds will also continue to be used to provide training, operational support and small-scale commodities to a range of law enforcement agencies that share border security responsibilities, and to support aggressive opium poppy monitoring and eradication efforts.
Anti Narcotics Force (ANF)
As the primary drug law enforcement agency, the ANF collects intelligence and is responsible for arrests, investigation and prosecution of offenders. It is also involved in seizures of drug-generated assets and curbing of money-laundering. The ANF is also responsible for demand reduction programs. Powers to carry out counter narcotics operations have been delegated by the ANF to the Pakistan Coast Guard and Pakistan Rangers.
The Anti Narcotics Force (ANF), the primary drug control agency in Pakistan, collects and publishes annual statistics on drug related crime. Several changes in the Pakistan penal code have had positive implications for the prosecution of drug related cases. ANF's conviction rate has improved over the last few years and stood at 8 percent in 2006.
The existing resources (staffing and finances) available within the ANF are not adequate to interdict the movement of these drugs in a wide geographical expanse. The ANF has a vast area of responsibility. Pakistan has over 2,500 km of porous border with Afghanistan and approximately 900 km with Iran. This is in addition to the 1,062 km long coastal belt and a 1600 km border with India. There are seven official border entry / exit points in addition to eight international airports, three seaports and 11 dry ports. The ANF has a round the clock presence at all the international airports and seaports; however, the dry ports and border entry / exit points are checked by the ANF at random and on the basis of intelligence received. The ANF's border control responsibility is shared with other law enforcement agencies including Frontier Corps Balochistan and NWFP, Punjab and Sindh Rangers, Pakistan Customs and Pakistan Coast Guard. The importance of inter-agency cooperation can therefore not be over-emphasized.
At times, Pakistan's narcotics interdiction efforts are impeded due to border forces being heavily committed on counter-terrorist operations.
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