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Intelligence


Integrated Broadcast Service (IBS)

As a part of a larger Intelligence Systems Secretariat/ Intelligence Systems Board (ISS/ ISB) intelligence migration initiative to reduce the number of separate intelligence systems, the Broadcast/ Receive Working Group was formed in 1994 to examine the existing Ultra High Frequency (UHF) intelligence broadcast services and one emerging concept for combining the services (Binocular). The group's objective was to uncover and examine issues surrounding the potential combining of service functionality into a smaller number of services functional re-dundancy, inefficiency, and impacts on the user; resource duplication; formatting issues; band-width contention and to make recommendations concerning concepts warranting further study.

On 07 May 2001, BTG Inc., Fairfax, Va., was awarded a $53,096,806 (estimated) cost-plus-award fee contract to provide for four information management commander-in-chief sites in support of the integrated broadcast services. At that time, $13,028,000 of the funds had been obligated. There were 413 users registered for information on the Hanscom Electronic Bulletin Board, and three proposals were received. The work is expected to be completed by January 2009. Solicitation began November 2000; negotiations were completed April 2001. Electronic Systems Center, Hanscom Air Force Base, Mass., is the contracting activity (F19628-01-C-0033).

IBS is a seven year, sixty million dollar development program to replace legacy intelligence broadcast systems with a single world-wide intelligence dissemination service. IBS will be the leading example of Information Management and Dissemination for the Defense and Intelligence communities. The enterprise solution includes web-based profiles, advanced data fusion, database replication, multi-level security, and a four tier management approach utilizing technologies such as C++, JAVA, XML, and UML. The program will follow mature management and engineering processes that include Earned Value Management (EVM), Cost As an Independent Variable (CAIV) and SEI CMM Level 3.

In 1996, the ASD(C3I) and the Military Communications Electronics Board approved the "Integrated Broadcast Service (IBS) Plan," as directed by the 1996 House Intelligence Bill, which provides for the integration of various SIGINT broadcast dissemination systems into a standardized protocols with compatible hardware and software.

  • TIBS - Tactical Information Broadcast Service
  • TDDS - Tactical Related Applications(TRAP) Data Dissemination System
  • TRIXS - Tactical Reconnaissance Intelligence eXchange System
  • TADIXS-B
  • BINOCULAR

The global (TDDS), theater (TIBS), and corps (TRIX) UHF broadcasts collectively support Near-Real-Time (NRT) needs of global, theater, and local users. Interoperability, commonality, and standardization does not exist between systems.

The Integrated Broadcast System integrates multiple intelligence broadcasts into a system of systems, and migrates tactical receive terminals into a single, related Joint Tactical Terminal (JTT) family. The goal of the Integrated Broadcast Service (IBS) is to resolve the uncoordinated proliferation of "stovepiped" intelligence/ information broadcasts by providing the tactical commander with integrated time-sensitive tactical information.

The current TDDS, TRAP, TIBS, MTN, NRTD, and TRIXS systems are characterized by

  • Separate links and data formats
  • No single integrated broadcast architecture
  • Early saturation of bandwidth and lack of flexibility in assigning circuits
  • Separate Service management of the various space and terminal segments

Integrated Broadcast System features include:

  • Theater-Based and Global Dissemination
  • Common over-the-air Format
  • Data Element Dictionary common with J-Series Family of TDLs
  • Gatewayed interoperability
  • Common track number assignments
  • Minimizes UHF traffic through integrated use of multispectral communications pathways available to most users
  • Services users with High B/ W Comms through GBS, EHF Satcom, SIPRNET, JWICS, etc and netted services
  • Reserves UHF Satcom for "disadvantaged" users
  • Standardized terminals
  • Common IBS Modules / JTT
  • GCCS- compliant Tactical Data Processors

The IBS Tactical Information Element (TIE)

  • Provides time- critical situational awareness information
  • Utilizes common over-the-air format (J- Series family)
  • All data capable of being assigned track numbers
  • Primarily UHF receive
  • Producers may inject directly onto broadcast without going through Central Node.
  • Timeliness is critical

The IBS Expanded Tactical Information Element (ETIE)

  • More comprehensive situational awareness information
  • Utilizes common format (J- Series family)
  • Higher data rate comms (eg - GBS)
  • Producers may inject on non- UHF SATCOM resources: -EHF -SHF - Commercial
  • Data goes through Information Management Element (IME)
  • Timeliness essential

Milestones

1996- 97

  • TIBS Common Data Translator - Streamlined TIBS to TDDS data conversion
  • Increased inter- operation - Guardrail to be a TIBS producer/ user; Joint policy/ operations; TDDS on TIBS; and Gateways
  • JTT interim terminals
  • Study/ assess JTT applicable technology

IBS Transition 1998- 99

  • Common TDDS/ TIBS/ TRIXS/ NRTD format - J- Series family
  • CIBS- M - JTT family migration

IBS Objective 2000 +

  • Portions of UHF broadcast transitioned to GBS and other comm assets
  • Increased leverage off commercial technology and products
  • Broadcasts and interactive networks integrated into DOD Communications Infrastructure
  • Increased leverage off commercial technology and products

Staff proponency for IBS rests with the J-2, the joint staff. The OSD assigned the Navy Space and Electronic Warfare Directorate N-6 as the executive agent for IBS implementation. The Air Force is assigned as the acquisition executive and milestone decision authority for accomplishing broadcast-services generation, with primary responsibility to integrate broadcast generation hardware and software. For the Army, staff proponency rests with the deputy chief of staff for operations and plans' DAMO-FDI. TRADOC assigned responsibility for developing the joint operational-requirements document to the U.S. Army Intelligence Center and School, with TRADOC's systems manager for the joint surveillance target-attack radar system in the lead.



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