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Intelligence

                            TERRORISM IN INDIA
                  EXTRACTS FROM INDEPENDENT REPORTS FROM THE
                     WESTERN, PAKISTANI, AND INDIAN PRESS
                              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
        India, as attested by the CIA,  successive  Administrations,  and
        senior State Department officials, is facing an expensive and in-
        direct conflict with Pakistan.  Pakistan, by  training  and  sup-
        porting insurgents in Punjab and Kashmir, has induced instability
        in these border regions.  As evidenced in Punjab,  Kashmiri  ter-
        rorists  are successfully propagating a dis- information campaign
        alleging human rights excesses, rapes, and the like.   The  Press
        Council  of India, an independent, statutory body of journalists,
        judiciary, business men, and other eminent Indians examined these
        allegations  closely and has released a report titled "Crisis and
        Credibility:  Lancer Paper IV." According to the report, although
        there  were human rights excesses, a majority of the  allegations
        were militant propaganda.  In instances where the  security  per-
        sonnel  were  found guilty, they were immediately punished.  In a
        recent edition of a reputed video magazine, "Newstrack,"  several
        women  acknowledged having falsely accused the security personnel
        at the insistence of terrorists.  Many of these women, after hav-
        ing  been repeatedly raped by the terrorists, have now joined the
        Border Security Force (BSF) and are now urging others to take re-
        fuge with the BSF.  As evidenced in that report, the popular sen-
        timent  is now against the insurgency it once favored.
        The terrorists have systematically silenced dissenting voices  --
        Vice-chancellors,  judges,  lawyers,  teachers, journalists, pri-
        ests, and families of security personnel  are  among  those  mur-
        dered.   This  terror  campaign  that runs across religious boun-
        daries has resulted in the exodus  of  several  hundred  thousand
        civilians  from  the Kashmir valley.  Many, never to return again
        and claim property they legally own.  Once prosperous areas,  the
        border regions now have struggling economies.  Development aid is
        necessary to restore normalcy and bring hope to the people.
        Recently, the New York Newsday and The  Statesman  quoted  a  CIA
        study  ("Heroin  in  Pakistan:  Sowing the Wind")  to demonstrate
        that Pakistan has been using profits from  state-sponsored  drug-
        trafficking  activities to fund Sikh and Kshmiri terrorists.  The
        Times of India reports that  Pakistan  sponsored  gun-running  is
        rampant not only in Punjab and Kashmir, but also Maharashtra, Gu-
        jarat (Ahmedabad), and indirectly Bihar (sale through Punjab  ul-
        tras).
        The United Press of India reported an official of the  then Nawaz
        Sharif  Government's  cabinet,  Sardar  Assef  (then minister for
        economic affairs) resigning from the cabinet because ``Prime min-
        isters or foreign ministers of every Muslim country that I visit-
        ed complained against the presence  of  terrorists  on  Pakistani
        soil.   Every  time I returned, I informed Sharif and the Foreign
        Office, but nothing whatsoever was done.''  He further added that
        "nothing was done" when the Tunisian Prime Minister asked Islama-
        bad for help in catching a militant who had  established  himself
        in Pakistan.
        The Washinton Post in its analysis on U.S.-Pakistan relations re-
        poted  "In recent weeks, Pakistan has figured, if circumstancial-
        ly, in a rash of high-profile terrorist  incidents.   People  who
        have come from, fled to, trained in or had other ties to Pakistan
        have cropped up, sometimes in  tenuous  ways,  in  reports  about
        bombings in Bombay and at the World Trade Center in New York, the
        shootings outside CIA headquarters in Langley, VA.,  and  attacks
        on police and tourists in Egypt."
        The Internation Herald Tribune  repoted  that  "Muslim  guerillas
        fighting  the  India  government in Kashmir acknowledge that they
        are receiving arms and training from Pakistan, as well as  advice
        from Pakistan's Inter Services Intelligence Agency...In the Indi-
        an state of Punjab, radical Sikh separatists  continue  to  wreak
        havoc with weapons obtained in Pakistan."
        The Time analyzed that the "ISI emphasis on promoting pro- Pakis-
        tan parties stems from Islamabad's eagreness to claim Kashmir for
        itself; a stress on Islam reflects  the  influence  of  Jamaat-e-
        Islami,  a  small  but  highly  influential party that is part of
        Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif's ruling coalition.  The party...(is)
        convinced that the only legitimate uprising for Muslims is Jehad,
        a holy war based on Islamic teachings." The Statesman in an  edi-
        torial on the assassination of Dr. Guroo stated that "The killing
        of Dr. Guroo follows a familiar pattern.  Mirwaiz  Maulvi  Farooq
        and  Mir  Mustafa  were  assasinated  in 1990 when the Janata Dal
        Government had initiated an equally  hasty  peace  process  which
        ended  abruptly  in a way that the rabid pro- Pakistani militants
        interpreted as a victory for them.  It is likely that Pakistan is
        involved  in  the  command  or  operational part of the crime, or
        both, since peace in Kashmir would signal a political  and  mili-
        tary defeat for Islamabad and follow the familiar strategy of us-
        ing teh Hezbul Mujahideen to eliminate peace brokers  in  Kashmir
        and thwarting even preliminary attempts at negotiations."
        The India Today's Newstrack video magazine's editorial comment on
        the  terrorism  in Kashmir and alleged human rights violations by
        the security forces "....For years we have been hearing  the  so-
        called  "excesses"  of  the security forces in Kashmir.  Amenesty
        international and other organizations have  been  drowing  us  in
        oceans  of  crocodoile  tears.  There have been excesses and they
        have been covered by the press.  But why don't the bleeding heart
        liberals  worry about the terrorist atrocities in the state?  Why
        dont they worry about innocent young girls rapend  by  the  mili-
        tants  and  the  young  boys  inducted  into the movement at gun-
        point.  It may be fashionable to lecture the security  forces  on
        human  rights.   But  what about the human rights of the innocent
        civilians who become victims of terrorism?""
        The Times of India in an editorial following  the  killing  of  a
        fdreaded  terrorist  and  the violence that ensued commented "The
        three-day long orgy of violence and destruction  of  property  in
        the Kashmir valley after the death of Muhammed Maqbool Ilahi, the
        Hizbul Mujahedeen division commander for Srinagar, has effective-
        ly derailed Mr. Rajesh Pilot's best-laid plans to restore normal-
        cy in the troubled state.  Perhaps this was precisely the  inten-
        tion  of  the Hizbul cadres and their puppeteers across the bord-
        er."
        Independent and responsible sources in the  West,  Pakistan,  and
        India have repeatedly reported Pakistan's complicity in assisting
        terrorists activities in India (and many other  countries).   The
        wave  of  terror  that  it  has resulted has caused unsettled and
        caused distress to millions of people and has  diverted  millions
        of dollars from economic development into fighting a wasteful and
        bloody war.
        The Nation quoted the then Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif  as saying
        "He  (Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif) said that Kashmir would become
        part of Pakistan and thanksgiving prayers  would  be  offered  in
        Srinagar..."  The Nation again reported that "The Gates Mission (
        led by Robert Gates, Deputy National Security Adviser to the U.S.
        President)    has   confirmed  that  the  information  (regarding
        Pakistan's running 31 training camps for the Kashmiri  militants)
        was supplied by the Pakistani officials."
              MEDIA REPORTS FROM THE INTERNATIONAL PRESS AND MEDIA
        Summary of sources cited:
             New York Newsday, February 23, 1993  --  "CIA:  Herion Rules
          Pakistan" by Knut Royce
             Study:  "Heroin in Pakistan:  Sowing the Wind" commissioned
          by the CIA
             The Washington Post, April 21, 1993  -- "After Cold War,
          U.S.-Pakistan Ties Are Turning Sour" by Molly Moore and John
          Ward Anderson with contributions from Kamaran Khan in Karachi,
          Pakistan
             The Washington Times, November 2, 1992  --  "Outsiders join
          'jihad' in Kashmir" by Robert Ehrlich
             The Washington Times, November 1, 1992  --  "Rebel chieftan
          defends 'jihad' to join Pakistan" by Richard Ehrlich
             The Washington Post, April 23, 1990 - Selig S. Harrison
             Independent Television News (Channel 4), September 14, 1991
             Reuter, April 22, 1990
             Internation Herald Tribune, Dec 10, 1990 - Steve Coll
             The Economist, July 9, 1990
             The Guardian, July 20, 1990 - Derek Brown
             Washington Times, May 15, 1990
             Time, July 22, 1991 - Edward W. Desmond
             BBC, May 1, 1990
             New York Newsday, February 23, 1993  --  "CIA:  Herion Rules
          Pakistan" by Knut Royce
        Study:  "Heroin in Pakistan:  Sowing the Wind" commissioned by
          the CIA
        "The study cites "numerous reports" that Pakistan powerful  mili-
        tary  intelligence agency, the Inter Services Intelligence Direc-
        torate, used drug money to fund groups it supports in neighboring
        conflicts.   These  reports,  the document says, are that the ISI
        "use herion profits" to  help  finance  the  war  in  Afghanistan
        (against the former Soviet Union) and has developed similar fund-
        ing arrangements with Sikh militants in India and Kshmiri  insur-
        gents in Indian-controlled Kashmir."
        "Asked whether the top Pakistani officials at the very least con-
        doned   the   drug  trade,  Tom  O'Grady,  the  Drug  Enforcement
        Administration's acting chief  of  herion  investigations,  said,
        "Precisely." "
             The Washington Post, April 21, 1993  -- "After Cold War,
          U.S.-Pakistano Ties Are Turning Sour" by Molly Moore and John
          Ward Anderson with contributions from Kamaran Khan in Karachi,
          Pakistan
        "The United States issued its warning based what  U.S.  officials
        said  is  evidence  that  Pakistan is aiding secessionists in two
        neighboring Indian state, Kashmir and Punjab."
        "In recent weeks, Pakistan has figured, if circumstancially, in a
        rash  of  high-profile terrorist incidents.  People who have come
        from, fled to, trained in or had  other  ties  to  Pakistan  have
        cropped  up, sometimes in tenuous ways, in reports about bombings
        in Bombay and at the World Trade Center in New York,  the  shoot-
        ings  outside  CIA  headquarters  in Langley, VA., and attacks on
        police and tourists in Egypt."
        "But according to a former ISI official who spoke on condition of
        annonymity,  Pakistani  officials cultivated close ties to Indian
        Muslims who participated in the Afghan jihad.  The official  said
        Pakistan  segregated  them  in  special training camps and, after
        they returned to India, supplied help through them to insurgences
        in Kashmir, Punjab and the northeastern state of Assam."
        "Now, with the United States focusing on the terrorism issue, ISI
        increasingly  is funneling assistance to India through third par-
        ties, according  to  a  second  former  ISI  official.   He  said
        Jamaat-i-Islami has hired former employees of ISI and the Special
        Services Group, the army's elite commando force, to run its Kash-
        mir operations."
             The Washington Times, November 2, 1992  --  "Outsiders join
          'jihad' in Kashmir" by Robert Ehrlich
        "Hundreds of Muslim militants from throughout the MIddle East are
        in  Kashmir  to  take  part  in an Islamic "jihad" against Indian
        government, according to high-ranking officers of the Hez-ul  Mu-
        jahideen, or Party of Holy Warriors."
        "Muslim militants are attempting to gain control  of  about  two-
        thirds  of Kashmir, which is ruled by India, and create fundemen-
        talist Islamic state."
             The Washington Times, November 1, 1992  --  "Rebel chieftan
          defends 'jihad' to join Pakistan" by Richard Ehrlich
        "The most powerful guerrilla in Kashmir, Supreme  Commander  Syed
        Salludin, says he is leading a "jihad,"  or holy war; to rip this
        valuable state from Inaid, attach it to Pakistan and establish  a
        fundementalist Islamic regime."
             The Washington Post, April 23, 1990 - Selig S. Harrison
        "Pakistani stimulation of the Punjab insurgency goes back to  the
        beginnings  of  the  Zia  ul Haq regime in 1978.  By 1984 the Pak
        Army's Field Intelligence Unit was helping to  organize  the  Li-
        beration  Front  in the Indian held Kashmir Valley.  By 1988, the
        Inter Services Intelligence Directorate (ISI)  in  Islamabad  had
        begun  to  set  up  training camps in Pakistan held Azad Kashmir,
        manned by retired Pakistani Army officers."
             Independent Television News (Channel 4), September 14, 1991
        "There is mounting evidence that Sikh separatists in  the  Punjab
        are  getting  significant help from neighbouring Pakistan, though
        Pakistan has always denied it."
             Reuter, April 22, 1990
        ""With this we have trained about 200 so far" said Rehman (a Pak-
        istani  instructor)  at  Miramshah.  "After 40 days training on a
        variety of  weapons,  unarmed  combat  and  sabotage,"  he  said,
        "course  graduates  were  sent back across Pakistan to infiltrate
        Indian controlled Kashmir."
             Internation Herald Tribune, Dec 10, 1990 - Steve Coll
        "Muslim guerillas fighting the India government in  Kashmir  ack-
        nowledge that they are receiving arms and training from Pakistan,
        as well as advice from  Pakistan's  Inter  Services  Intelligence
        Agency...   In  the  Indian state of Punjab, radical Sikh separa-
        tists continue to wreak havoc with weapons obtained in Pakistan."
             The Economist, July 9, 1990
        "The doctor (Farooq Hyder, vice-president of the  JKLF)  declared
        that the Front has 10,000 armed supporters."
             The Guardian, July 20, 1990 - Derek Brown
        "Clearly Pakistan's involvement with the uprising goes beyond the
        "political and moral support" it says it gives."
             Washington Times, May 15, 1990
        "Some of them (Kashmiri youths) said they were trained to use ri-
        fles,  anti-tank weapons and even anti-aircraft guns in their re-
        bellion against Indian rule of Kashmir."
             Time, July 22, 1991 - Edward W. Desmond
        "ISI  emphasis  on  promoting  pro-Pakistan  parties  stems  from
        Islamabad's  eagreness  to  claim Kashmir for itself; a stress on
        Islam reflects the influence  of  Jamaat-e-Islami,  a  small  but
        highly  influential  party  that  is part of Prime Minister Nawaz
        Sharif's ruling coalition.  The party...(is) convinced  that  the
        only  legitimate  uprising for Muslims is Jehad, a holy war based
        on Islamic teachings."
             Time, July 22, 1991 - Edward W. Desmond
        "Beg (leader of the student wing of the JKLF) had  just  returned
        from  a  visit to Pakistan.  There he had been persuaded that the
        future lay in cooperation with Pakistan's powerful Inter Services
        Intelligence  (ISI),  which  has been playing a steadily stronger
        covert hand  in  encouraging  militant  groups  in  Kashmir  with
        weapons  and  training.   The price for that help; a pro-Pakistan
        and pro-Islam stand."
             BBC, May  1,  1990  "They  (Kashmir  dissidents)  are  being
        trained in a variety of mordern armaments including automatic ri-
        fles, stens, rocket propelled grenades and setting  up  ambushes.
        Now  because  they  were not allowed out of their camps they were
        unsure whether it was in Pakistan, or in Pakistan occupied  Kash-
        mir, or whether it was in Afghanistan."
        MEDIA REPORTS FROM THE INDIAN  PRESS AND MEDIA
        Summary of sources cited:
             India Today, Newstrack, March 1993
             The Economic Times, April 9, 1993  --   "Dhaka, ISlamabad
          back out on law to ban terrorism"
             The Statesman, April 15, 1993 --  "Top Babbar Khalsa
          militant surrenders"
             The Stateman, April 8, 1993 --  "Elusive Peace" Editorial
             The Times of India, April 10, 1993  --  "Pak working to stop
          Dawood extradition" by Subash Chakravarti
             The Times of India, April 10, 1993  --  "Pilot offers job to
          Valley rape victim"
             The Statesman, April 15, 1993  --  "Mark of the ISI still
          eludes" by Raju Santhanam
             The Statesman, April 19, 1993  --  "Victim of militancy vows
          revenge"
             The Statesman, February 25, 1993 --  "Pakistani drug money
          aiding militants in India, says CIA"
             The Times of India, April 14, 1993  --  "Violence In The
          Valley"  Editorial
             The Times of India, April 13, 1993  --  "ISI special camps
          for militants"
             The Hindustan Times, April 2, 1993  --  "The Shocking Tale
          of Shahina"
             The Times of India, April 10, 1993  --  All India Arms
          market
             The Economic Times, April 9, 1993  --   "Dhaka, ISlamabad
          back out on law to ban terrorism"
        "Pakistan and Bangladesh on Thursday refused to abide by a  time-
        frame  in  adopting  enabling  legislation  to help implement the
        SAARC convention on anti-terrorism to check cross-border  terror-
        ism...."
        "Pakistan and Bangladesh are the  only  two  countries  of  SAARC
        which are yet to to pass enabling legislations to harmonize their
        national laws with the SAARC convention o n anti-terrorism."
             The Stateman, April 8, 1993 --  "Elusive Peace" Editorial
        "The killing of Dr. Guroo follows a  familiar  pattern.   Mirwaiz
        Maulvi  Farooq  and Mir Mustafa were assasinated in 1990 when the
        Janata Dal Government had initiated an equally hasty  peace  pro-
        cess  which ended abruptly in a way that the rabid pro- Pakistani
        militants interpreted as a victory for them.  It is  likely  that
        Pakistan  is  involved  in the command or operational part of the
        crime, or both, since peace in Kashmir would signal  a  political
        and  military  defeat for Islamabad and follow the familiar stra-
        tegy of using teh Hezbul Mujahideen to eliminate peace brokers in
        Kashmir and thwarting even preliminary attempts at negotiations."
             The Times of India, April 10, 1993  --  "Pak working to stop
          Dawood extradition" by Subash Chakravarti
        "Pakistan is actively working to prevent the United Arab Emirates
        giovernment  from  handing over a notorious smuggling don and the
        prime suspect in the Bombay blasts case, Dawood Ibrahim,  to  the
        Indian authorities,.
        "Obviously to protect the suspects in the Bombay blasts including
        the  Memon  brothers, Pakistan has taken diplomatic initiative to
        influence teh UAE government."
        "There is no gainsaying the fact that Pakistan has been extremely
        active  both  in  the UAE and other countries which have been the
        playground of terrorists actively involved  in  creating  distur-
        bances in India."
             The Times of India, April 10, 1993  --  "Pilot offers job to
          Valley rape victim"
        "Waiving government rules, the minister  for  internal  security,
        Mr.  Rajesh  Pilot,  has offered a job as a CRPF constable to Ms.
        Shaheena who was kidnapped and raped by Kashmir terrorists before
        being rescued by security forces in the Valley recently."
             The Statesman, April 15, 1993  --  "Mark of the ISI still
          eludes" by Raju Santhanam
        "At least six of the 16 people arrested in Bombay, who have  con-
        fessed  that  they received training in Pakistan, went to Islama-
        bad.  Passenger manifests of PIA  mention  their  names  and  the
        dates on which they travelled."
        "Initial reports suggest that some  of  the  grenades  have  been
        traced to a firm in Austria with which Pakistan has a collaborra-
        tion."
             The Statesman, February 25, 1993 --  "Pakistani drug money
          aiding militants in India, says CIA"
        "Pakistan's military intelligence used narcotics profits to  fund
        separatist  movements  in India, according to an American Central
        Intelligence Agency study, report PTI and UNI."
        "The study  found  that  the  heroin  trade  had  penetrated  the
        "highest  political circles" of Pakistan and "is becoming the li-
        feblood" of the conomy and Government in that countray,  the  New
        York Newsday reported Tuesday."
        "The intelligence documents assert that  heroin  traffickers  fi-
        nanced  the ruling party, bought enough votes to win seats in the
        National Assembly and gained access to the  Prime  Minister,  Mr.
        Nawaz  Sharif, and the president, Mr. Ghulam Ishaq Khan," the re-
        port said."
             The Times of India, April 14, 1993  --  "Violence In The
          Valley"  Editorial
        "The three-day long orgy of violence and destruction of  property
        in  the Kashmir valley after teh death of Muhammed Maqbool Ilahi,
        the Hizbul Mujahedeen division commander for Srinagar, has effec-
        tively  derailed  Mr.  Rajesh  Pilot's best-laid plans to restore
        normalcy in the troubled state.  Perhaps this was  precisely  the
        intention  of  the  Hizbul cadres and their puppeteers across the
        border."
             The Times of India, April 13, 1993  --  "ISI special camps
          for militants"
        "The Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) of Pakistan abbetting  and
        arming  militancy  in  various  parts of India has set up special
        camps to train militants at Aliabad, Kala Mulla,  Nakyal,  Gulpur
        and  Khuratta in Pak-occupied Kashmir (PoK), offical sources said
        today, reports PTI."
        "At present two joint training camps are being held for  Kashmiri
        and Punjab militants at Quetta and Gulpur in Nakyal, the hometown
        of so-called PoK prime  minister,  Sardar  Sikander  Hayat  Khan,
        where  about 300 Kashmiri, Punjabi, and Afghan insurgents are re-
        ceiving training in high altitude warfare tactics and handling of
        sopisticated weapons like remote controlled explosive devices and
        shoulder-to-air fire stinger missiles."
             The Hindustan Times, April 2, 1993  --  "The Shocking Tale
          of Shahina"
        "The sympathy of the common people in the  valley  for  militants
        has  been  seriously eroded by increasing incidents of kidnapping
        of young women, rape, murder of the inocent, extortion,  and  the
        forceible  induction  into  terrorist  rank.   The  dividing line
        between their ideological committment albeit misguided and prone-
        ness to criminality is becoming increasingly indistinguishable."
        "This is the shocking story of 19-year old Shahina  of  Handwara,
        who  was  rescued  by  the  BSF.  Narrating her nightmare she had
        undergone to a group of newsmen in Srinagar, Shahina  with  tears
        welling  up  in  her eyes said that she was kidnapped, criminally
        assaulted, and tortured by members of various outfits as she  was
        suspected to have passed on information about the presence of two
        kidnappers of her younger brother in a house.
        "The BSF officials have now recorded incidence of  brutality  and
        merciless killing of several people including the killing of D.K.
        Razdan of Srinagar who was shot dead and dumped on the road."
        "It is stated often women have been gang-raped.  Mrs. Girja  Tiku
        of  Terehgan,  Kupwara,  was abducted, gang-raped and finally her
        body were shredded."
        "There have been numerous reports from rural areas in the  valley
        how  some  of  the militants had acted in heartless fashion some-
        times, they organized mock "trails" and awarded senteces  includ-
        ing  death.   Sentences  are then executed in the public to scare
        people of the area from cooperating with the security forces."
        "According to the BSF estimates, from January 92  to  October  92
        Kashmiri militant groups had killed 1,585 men and women including
        981 Muslims, 218 Hindus, 23 Sikhs, and  363  security  personnel.
        Among  the  persons  killed  were  12  political  leaders and 510
        Government officials.
             The Times of India, April 10, 1993  --  All India Arms
          market
   SStCenter    Source        Weaponary            Causes
                                  Seized/Tra
                                      ded   Calcutta       Mostly    from
        Country made  Self-protection, gang-
                  Bihar.         firearms,     rivalry
                  Pilferage      hand made
                  from police    bombs Ahmedabad   ISI trained     Rocket
        To send for Punjab,
                  gun-runners    launchers,       inter-gang rivalry
                  through        AK-47, AK-
                  Kutch /        56, rifles,
                  Bannaskanta    machine
                  border,        guns,
                  local          Chinese
                  manufacturin   automatic
                  g              pistols Tamil       LTTE  (IPKF)     AK-
        47,          for  buyers  in  Nadu                      automatic
        Bangalore, Kerala, AP
                                 pistols Maharasht    North           AK-
        47,  AK-     Drug  smuggling,  ra         (country-      56, RDX,
        gold/silver smuggling,
                  made);         Czech made    Punjab terrorism
                  Pakistan-      9mm pistols
                  controlled
                  mafia;
                  underworld Amritsar    Cross-border   Explosives,   For
        militancy in UP and
                                 AK-47,  AK-56      other   areas   Assam
        Smuggled       Khalishnikov  Insurgency commercial (NE)      from
        China,    s, light
                  Thailand       machine
                  (thru          guns,
                  Myanamar),     Chinese M-22
                  Bangladesh     automatic
                  (Tripura)      weapons
                  also
                  storming
                  police
                  arsenals Srinagar    Across the     AK-47,  Ak-     In-
        surgency for Punjab
                     border      56, rocket       militancy
                                 launchers,
                                 etc.  Bihar       Punjab ultra   Chinese
        Dhanbad mafia
                                 assault
                                 rifles, AK-
                                 47 U.P.        Nepal border   AK-47, Ak-
        heroin trade
                                 56, grenade
                                 launchers      Surat            Internal
        AK-47, AK-    self-protection
                                 56, crude
                                 bombs,
                                 jellatine
                                 sticks
        "Pakistan, of course remains the most common source for  procure-
        ment  of weapons.  So much so that last year, the Reserve Bank of
        India had to "withdraw" Rs.500 denomination notes  from  circula-
        tion  in the Kashmir valley in order to make it difficult for the
        arms smugglers to carry big amount sacross the  border.   Reports
        from various parts of the counrty suggests that there is a direct
        linkage between the decision of a group of terrorists  to  extend
        their  operation  to any particular region of the country and the
        availability of arms in that area."
        REPORTS FROM PAKISTAN PRESS AND MEDIA
        Summary of sources cited:
             The Pakistan Journal, March 1 - March 14  --  "Saudi Arabia
          threatens to ban entry of Pakistanis"
             The Nation, May 3, 1992
             Friday Times, May 17-23, 1990
             Nawai-i-Waqt, Sept 18, 1991
             The News, October 10, 1991
             The News, October 10, 1991
             Frontier Post, May 29, 1991  - Mushaid Hussain
             The Nation, October 1, 1991  - Brig. Bashir
             The Nation, June 3, 1990
             The Nation, June 7, 1992
             Kashmir Times, Feb 10, 1989
             The Pakistan Times, April 21, 1991
             The News, Dec 4, 1991
             The Pakistan Journal, March 1 - March 14  --  "Saudi Arabia
          threatens to ban entry of Pakistanis"
        "Saudi Arabia has threatened Islamabad to ban entry of  Pakistani
        workers  into  the  Kingdom  in  the wake of increasing narcotics
        trafficking by Pakistanis in the recent days.  Saudi  authorities
        are  contemplating  steps to ban entry of Pakistanis because they
        allege Pakistani authorities have failed to nab drug smugglers at
        airports and the steps taken by Islamabad were inneffective."
        "At least 250 Pakistanis and Afghans have been  arrested  in  the
        past  size  months for trying to smuggle drugs into Saudi Arabia.
        Most of them were from Pakistan.  Recently the Saudi  authorities
        had supplied lists of 108 Pakistanis arrested in Saudi Arabia for
        narcotics smuggling from January 1, 1993."
             The Nation, May 3, 1992
        "He (Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif) said that Kashmir would  become
        part  of  Pakistan  and  thanksgiving prayers would be offered in
        Srinagar..."
             Friday Times, May 17-23, 1990
        "they (the terrorists) arrive at the Line of Control bearing code
        letters  from their organizations and are taken over by the Field
        Intelligence Units (FIUs), the main grass roots  operational  and
        counter  intelligence  units  of  the Inter Services Intelligence
        (ISI)."
             Nawai-i-Waqt, Sept 18, 1991
        "Paramjit Sign, self-styled "Lt Gen" of Khalistan Commando  Force
        has said on Channel 4 BBC TV, that his companions were trained in
        Pakistan...even recently some of his trained extremist companions
        had  gone  to  Pakistan to acquire further and more sophisticated
        training and on their return they would continue their struggle."
             The News, October 10, 1991
        "Asked how the freedom struggle was progressing,  Mr.  Safi  (the
        Amir  of Hezbul Mujahideen) said that a stage in the struggle for
        self-determination had come where Kalashnikovs alone were  insuf-
        ficient.  Remote  control explosive devices, rocket launchers and
        light machine guns were being brought into play..."
             Frontier Post, May 29, 1991  - Mushaid Hussain
        "The other approach, which Pakistan has apparently adopted in re-
        gard  to  Kashmir is an "Afghan Model," esstentially a protracted
        war, which has made Kashmir into  a  bleeding  wound  for  India,
        raising  the  political, military, and psychological costs of its
        occupation."
             The Nation, October 1, 1991  - Brig. Bashir
        "...the supporters of the movement" (should supply to the terror-
        ists)  "surface-to-air  missiles."   (Because) "such weapons will
        inevitably raise the cost of the war for India."
             The Nation, June 3, 1990
        "The Gates Mission* has confirmed that the information (regarding
        Pakistan's  running 31 training camps for the Kashmiri militants)
        was supplied by the Pakistani officials."  *     mission  led  by
        Robert Gates, Deputy National Security
             Adviser to the U.S. President
             The Nation, June 7, 1992
        "The threat of declaring Pakistan as a "terrorist state"  is  not
        new.   It  was first officially conveyed to Pakistan wasy back in
        April 1990 by the Under Secretary  of  State  for  Political  Af-
        fairs...   Were  the United States to go through with this threat
        of declaring Pakistan a terrorist state it  would  mean  Pakistan
        joining  the  select  company  of states like Syria, Libya, Iran,
        Iraq, and North Korea."
             Kashmir Times, Feb 10, 1989
        "He (Shabir Ahmed Shah of  the  People's  League)  said,  Shaheed
        (Martyr)  Zia, late General Rahim Khan and others knew about this
        plan and it was with their permission that training centres  were
        established  in  different parts of Pakistan where the youth from
        this place received the latest in arms and other weapons."
             The Pakistan Times, April 21, 1991
        "Hekmatyar on a number of occassions has stated  that  the  Jehad
        (holy  Islamic war) should be encouraged in Kashmir as well as in
        Soviet Central Asia."
             The News, Dec 4, 1991
        "As the right of self-determination and the annexation of Kashmir
        to  Pakistan  is a part of the two-nation theory, Pakistan is not
        complete till Kashmir is annexed to it."
        DEPARTMENT OF STATE REPORT ON THE PATTERN OF '91 GLOBAL TERRORISM
             This report which was issued on April 13, 1991, makes the
          following statement about the Pakistani involvement with the
          foreign terrorist groups in India.
        "There were continuing credible reports throughout 1991 of  offi-
        cial  Pakistani  support  for Kashmiri militant groups engaged in
        terrorism in India-controlled Kashmir as well as support  to  the
        Sikh militant groups engaged in terrorism in Indian Punjab."
        "The level of indegenous terrorism was high throughout  1991,  as
        Punjabi,    Kashmiri,    and   Assamese   separatists   conducted
        attacks...Violence related to  separatist  movements  claimed  at
        least 5,500 lives in Punjab and over 1,500 lives in Kashmir."
             In Kashmir and elsewhere, the terrorists conducted a:
        "spate of kidnappings of foreigners in a bid to attract  interna-
        tion  attentionof their cause.  These kidnappings included abduc-
        tion of 7 Israelis, a Dutch woman, two Swedish  engineers  and  a
        French  engineer  in  Kashmir, among ,amy other innocent victims.
        On October 9, the Sikh terroists kidnapped the Romanian Charge in
        New  Delhi  and  kept  him in captivity for seven weeks.  Many of
        these kidnapped persons were killed in cold blood." PUBLIC STATE-
        MENTS OF IMPORTANT PAKISTANI LEADERS
        Summary of sources cited:
             The Guardian, May 1, 1990 by Kathy Evans from Muzaffarbad
             Nawa-i-Waqt, September 15, 1991, Saradar Qayyum
             Nawa-i-Waqt, November 20, 1990, reported that Mumtaz
           Rathore, so-called Prime Minister of the Pakistan Occupied
           Kashmir
             The Nation, May 13, 1991, reported that Sheikh Rashid Ahmad,
          Adviser to the Prime Minister
             The Nation, November 26, 1990, quotes  Mumtaz  Rathore,  the
        so-
          called Prime Minister of Pakistan Occupied Kashmir
             The Nation, May 22, 1991, quotes Nawabzada Nasrullah Khan,
          Pakistan Democratic Party Chief
        The most direct evidence of Pakistan's role in aiding and assist-
        ing  terrorism  in  India,  is contained in the public statements
        made to this effect by important Pakistani leaders.
             The Guardian, May 1, 1990 by Kathy Evans from Muzaffarbad
        "The President of Azad Kashmir state in  Pakistan,  Sardar  Abdul
        Qayyum  Khan, has accussed the Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front
        of containing "terrorist elements"."
             Nawa-i-Waqt, September 15, 1991, Saradar Qayyum said:
        "Islam would strengthen freedom movement and determination of ac-
        cession to Pakistan."
        "Pakistan should courageously  announce  that  it  was  extending
        every possible help to resistance movement as it was not a seces-
        sionist movement but movement of accession to Pakistan."
             Nawa-i-Waqt, November 20, 1990, reported that Mumtaz
           Rathore, so-called Prime Minister of the Pakistan Occupied
           Kashmir:
        decided to utilise Rs. 430 million worth of the Zakat fund to ex-
        tend practical aid to the Kashmiri militants.
             The Nation, May 13, 1991, reported that Sheikh Rashid Ahmad,
          Adviser to the Prime Minister, said:
        "that present liberation struggle in Held Kashmir  will  continue
        till realisation of its objectives."
        Addressing public rallies at five different places in London  and
        Birmingham on Saturday and Sunday he said "any deviation from the
        Kashmir freedom  movement  would  be  a  national  and  religious
        crime."
             The Nation, November 26, 1990, quotes  Mumtaz  Rathore,  the
        so-
          called Prime Minister of Pakistan Occupied Kashmir:
        "The very purpose of the state (of POK) is to serve as base  camp
        for the liberation of held Jammu and Kashmir."
             The Nation, May 22, 1991, quotes Nawabzada Nasrullah Khan,
          Pakistan Democratic Party Chief:
        "Pakistan was not complete without Kashmir." PUBLIC STATEMENTS BY
        LEADERS OF TERRORIST GROUPS
             Associated Press, Rawalpindi, December 17, 1989
             Independent Television News Limited, London (UK) (Channel
          No. 4) Sept 14, 1991 at 1900 hours, Paramjit Singh Panjawar,
          Khalistan Commando Force:
             Horizons, March 31, 1992 - Ayesha Haroon, Part of team that
          hijacked Indian Airlines Plane "GANGA" bound for Srinagar to
          Lahore in January 1971.
             Quami Awaz, May 15, 1992 - Hashim Quershi, Co-Founder of
          JKLF
             Quami Awaz, June 1, 1992 - Hashim Quershi, Co-Founder of
          JKLF
             Associated Press, Rawalpindi, December 17, 1989
        "Pakistan trained Kashmir subversives who traded the Indian  Home
        Minister's  daughter  for  five  of their jailed colleagues, have
        vowed to continue hitting Indian targets in Jammu and Kashmir,  a
        leader said today."
        "Amanullah Khan, Chairman of the Pakistan based Jammu and Kashmir
        Liberation  Front  said the subversives will wage an 18 month-old
        campaign of terror, including killings and  more  hijackings  amd
        kidnappings."
             Independent Television News Limited, London (UK) (Channel
          No. 4) Sept 14, 1991 at 1900 hours, Paramjit Singh Panjawar,
          Khalistan Commando Force:
        "Training is give(n) to any militant who crosses  into  Pakistan.
        On  his  return  he  trains  others.  Some of these newly trained
        cross over to Pakistan to receive more proper and advanced train-
        ing. Then they come back to continue the fighting."
        "We hijacked a factory bus belonging to the Swaraj Mazda  tractor
        factory.  It had 30 people on it.  We killed 27 of them."
             Horizons, March 31, 1992 - Ayesha Haroon, Part of team that
          hijacked Indian Airlines Plane "GANGA" bound for Srinagar to
          Lahore in January 1971.
        "We were told to set ablaze the plane..." "India was presurrizing
        the (Pakistan) Government for the return of the plane."
             Quami Awaz, May 15, 1992 - Hashim Quershi, Co-Founder of
          JKLF
        "Ammanullah Khan before his organization was dropped  by  ISI  in
        favor  of  fundementalist  pro-PAK terrorist groups about 2 years
        ago, openly boasted that his front started  terrorist  activities
        in Srinagar with the support of the ISI."
        "Now, on the strength of their guns, the militants are raping and
        killing innocent women - as they did in the last week in March in
        the House of Pandit Mohan Lal in the Gaokadal area.  Three  armed
        men  broke  into  his  house  and  raped his wife and 19 year old
        daughter before killing all three of them...We are  being  called
        leaders  just  because  we  carry guns - but no constructive pro-
        gramme."
             Quami Awaz, June 1, 1992 - Hashim Quershi, Co-Founder of
          JKLF
        "Inter  Service  Intelligence  (ISI)  of  Pakistan  or  Pakistani
        rulers,  who  master-minded tremendous bloodshed in Kashmir, have
        managed stifling of the  voices  of  Kashmiris  for  their  self-
        determination...They  have totally distorted the entire movement.
        The ISI and Pakistani rulers will not  give  up  the  battle  for
        their interests."
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