TITLE:DEFENSE DEPARTMENT REPORT, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 9 (09/09/93)
DEFENSE DEPARTMENT REPORT, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 9
(Aspin/Europe, Aspin/SDI, Aspin/Grachev, arms sales) (700)
ASPIN TO VISIT BELGIUM, GERMANY, ITALY
Defense Secretary Aspin will travel to Belgium, Germany and Italy during his
European visit September 10-13, the Defense Department said September 9.
Earlier, spokesman Kathleen deLaski said that Aspin will meet in Brussels
with European security experts and U.S. military commanders in Europe in
the first of several planned regional defense policy conferences. He also
will address the International Institute for Strategic Studies on the
implications for Europe of the U.S. Defense Department's Bottom-Up Review,
The department said September 9 that Aspin will depart Belgium for Germany,
probably September 12, to visit U.S. troops supporting humanitarian
airdrops over Bosnia-Herzegovina. Aspin will then continue to Rome where
he will meet with Italian Defense Minister Fabio Fabbri and with Admiral
Jeremy Boorda, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's commander-in-chief
of allied forces in southern Europe, the department said.
Aspin will return to Washington September 13.
REPORT ON 1984 STRATEGIC TEST RESULTS CALLED ACCURATE
Defense Secretary Aspin said September 9 that a 1984 test of the Strategic
Defense Initiative (SDI), predecessor of the new Ballistic Missile Defense
(BMD), produced a report that was accurate to the test results.
Press reports said the test results may have been falsified to make the SDI
program appear more formidable in its ability to shoot down Soviet
missiles. Such results also might have misled Congress into funding less
effective programs, Aspin told reporters.
But the defense secretary said the report accurately portrayed test results,
even though he said U.S. officials attempted to mislead Soviet intelligence
about the effectiveness of SDI. Further, he said, more recent law requires
the Defense Department to notify Congress when it intends to distribute
misinformation to an adversary about such tests. Congress is to receive
the accurate test results, the law states.
ASPIN, GRACHEV, OTHER OFFICIALS SIGN PACTS
Defense Secretary Aspin and Russian Defense Minister Grachev signed a
memorandum of understanding September 8 that sets up a framework for
further cooperation between the U.S. and Russian military services, a
Defense Department news release said.
Last week, Defense Under Secretary Frank Wisner and Russian Minister of
Atomic Energy Viktor Mikhailov signed two implementing agreements to help
Russia dismantle old Soviet weapons of mass destruction, the Defense
The Aspin-Grachev memorandum was drafted in accordance with directives from
President Clinton and Russian President Yeltsin at the Vancouver summit for
their governments to broaden contacts in defense and security matters.
The memorandum contained several specifics, including:
-- establishing a schedule for yearly exchange visits between the defense
secretary and the defense minister;
-- setting up alternating, bilateral working group meetings in Washington
and Moscow to explore new means of increasing contacts;
-- creating an exchange program between the military chiefs of staff of the
two countries and their subordinate commanders and staffs; and
-- promoting a plan for U.S.-Russian information exchanges and cooperation
in training for international peacekeeping roles.
The two Wisner-Mikhailov agreements signed September 2 implement parts of
the U.S. law that commits $800 million in American resources to free Russia
and other former Soviet states from Soviet arsenals. One agreement
provides $75 million for a storage facility for radioactive material taken
from dismantled Soviet nuclear weapons. The other provides $10ÿ20million
in technical assistance to improve safeguards against contamination from
SOUTH KOREA, TURKEY ASK TO PURCHASE SPARE PARTS, MISSILES
The Defense Department told Congress September 8 that South Korea has asked
to purchase $92 million in spare parts for U.S.-manufactured combat and
support aircraft and for radar navigation systems, and that Turkey has
asked to purchase $47 million in advanced, medium range, air-to-air
Seoul would use the parts to maintain its air force. The sale would help
South Korea remain "an important force for political stability and economic
progress in Northeast Asia," said the Defense Department.
Turkey would use the missiles to bolster the capabilities of its fleet of
U.S.-manufactured F-16 fighter aircraft. The sale would not damage U.S.
efforts to encourage a negotiated settlement of the Cyprus question, the
Defense Department said.
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