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ACCESSION NUMBER:281557
FILE ID:POL110
DATE:05/03/93
TITLE:SERBIA MUST BACK UP WORDS WITH DEEDS, SAYS ALBRIGHT (05/03/93)
TEXT:*93050310.POL
SERBIA MUST BACK UP WORDS WITH DEEDS, SAYS ALBRIGHT
(Cites steps needed to support peace pledges)  (480)
By Paul Malamud
USIA Staff Writer
Washington -- Serbian leaders must back up their treaty commitments with
"deeds" if they wish to avoid further world condemnation and conflict, says
Madeleine Albright, U.S. permanent representative to the United Nations.
President Clinton "has made very clear that we still have a long way to go"
before the world can rely on peace pledges by Belgrade, Albright told a
congressional hearing May 3.  "We're looking for deeds....Signatures are
not enough."
To implement the peace treaty, the Serbs must comply with a cease-fire, end
the shelling of various cities in Bosnia-Hercegovina and permit free access
for humanitarian convoys, Albright said in testimony to two subcommittees
of the House Foreign Affairs Committee.
Recalling that the Serb leadership in the past has "said one thing and done
something else," Albright said the Clinton administration is now making a
"very deliberate effort to come up with a plan of action" if peace is not
achieved in Bosnia.
1
Testifying at a hearing called to consider the concept of collective
security in the post-Cold War world, she said that the United States is
seeking to redefine the meaning of its own security following the end of
the Cold War.  "If the previous era was one of containment," she said, "the
new era is one of engagement."
Collective security, she said in her prepared remarks, is no abstraction.
"The security threat to America," she explained, is "a threat that only
collective security can ultimately manage."  She pointed to the current
dangers in a world "where weapons of mass destruction proliferate and
ethnic and regional conflicts trigger massive refugee flows" and where
there are also threats posed by  "enormous economic dislocations,
unacceptable human rights atrocities, and environmental catastrophes."
"Unless we...create the institutions and resources necessary to share the
burden of restoring international order," she said, "the United States will
stand exposed to an endless raid on its resources, its goodwill, its
soldiers,and, finally, its territorial integrity or the territorial
integrity of its allies."
Members of the United Nations "need to establish a much sounder basis for
financing and budgeting peacekeeping operations" she said, if the world
organization is to succeed in protecting collective security.
Praising U.N. actions in Bosnia, Albright cited U.N. authorization of
humanitarian airdrops, a no-fly zone and economic sanctions in response to
Serbian aggression.
Commenting on changes needed in the United Nations, she said that in order
to function as an efficient world peacekeeper, the world organization needs
to develop an "operations center" and an "intelligence capability" as well
as a "better sense of budgeting" in order to pay for its own military
operations.
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